by
I. preposition Etymology: Middle English, preposition & adverb, from Old English, preposition, be, bī; akin to Old High German by, near, Latin ambi- on both sides, around, Greek amphi Date: before 12th century 1. in proximity to ; near <
standing by the window
>
2. a. through or through the medium of ; via <
enter by the door
>
b. in the direction of ; toward <
north by east
>
c. into the vicinity of and beyond ; past <
went right by him
>
3. a. during the course of <
studied by night
>
b. not later than <
by 2 p.m.
>
4. a. through the agency or instrumentality of <
by force
>
b. born or begot of c. sired or borne by 5. with the witness or sanction of <
swear by all that is holy
>
6. a. in conformity with <
acted by the rules
>
b. according to <
called her by name
>
7. a. on behalf of <
did right by his children
>
b. with respect to <
a lawyer by profession
>
8. a. in or to the amount or extent of <
win by a nose
>
b. chiefly Scottish in comparison with ; beside 9. — used as a function word to indicate successive units or increments <
little by little
>
<
walk two by two
>
10. — used as a function word in multiplication, in division, and in measurements <
divide a by b
>
<
multiply 10 by 4
>
<
a room 15 feet by 20 feet
>
11. in the opinion of ; from the point of view of <
okay by me
>
II. adverb Date: before 12th century 1. a. close at hand ; near b. at or to another's home <
stop by
>
2. past <
saw him go by
>
3. aside, away III. adjective or bye Date: 14th century 1. being off the main route ; side 2. incidental IV. noun or bye (plural byes) Date: 1567 something of secondary importance ; a side issue V. interjection or bye Etymology: short for goodbye Date: 1709 — used to express farewell; often used with following now

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • By — (b[imac]), prep. [OE. bi, AS. b[=i], big, near to, by, of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi, be, D. bij, OHG. b[=i], G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. amfi . E. prefix be is orig. the same word. [root]203. See pref. {Be }.] 1. In …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • By — (b[imac]), a. Out of the common path; aside; used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as, by line, by place, by play, by street. It was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • By — or BY means the following:* by or bye, a free pass through a round of competition in a tournament * Bavaria (BY), official abbreviation of the German federal state Bavaria * By, Doubs, a commune in the Doubs département of France * Belarus (BY),… …   Wikipedia

  • By — (b[imac]), adv. 1. Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no person by at the time. [1913 Webster] 2. Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession has gone by; a bird flew by. [1913 Webster] 3. Aside; as, to lay by; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • .by — Infobox Top level domain name=.by background=#CCF introduced=1994 type=Country code top level domain status=Active registry=State Center of the Information Security of the President of the Republic of Belarus sponsor=State Center of the… …   Wikipedia

  • by — See: TOO BY HALF …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • by — or[in my book] {adv. phr.} In my opinion; as far as I am concerned; in my judgment. * /By my book, Mr. Murgatroyd is not a very good department head./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • by — See: TOO BY HALF …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • by — or[in my book] {adv. phr.} In my opinion; as far as I am concerned; in my judgment. * /By my book, Mr. Murgatroyd is not a very good department head./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • By all means — By By (b[imac]), prep. [OE. bi, AS. b[=i], big, near to, by, of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi, be, D. bij, OHG. b[=i], G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. amfi . E. prefix be is orig. the same word. [root]203. See pref. {Be }.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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