I. verb (bruised; bruising) Etymology: Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece Date: 14th century transitive verb 1. a. archaic disable b. batter, dent 2. to inflict a bruise on ; contuse 3. to break down (as leaves or berries) by pounding ; crush 4. wound, injure; especially to inflict psychological hurt on <
a bruised ego
intransitive verb 1. to inflict a bruise 2. to undergo bruising <
her skin bruises easily
II. noun Date: 1541 1. a. an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin ; contusion b. a similar injury to plant tissue 2. abrasion, scratch 3. an injury especially to the feelings

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bruise — (br[udd]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bruised}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bruising}.] [OE. brusen, brisen, brosen, bresen, AS. br?san or fr. OF. bruiser, bruisier, bruser, to break, shiver, perh. from OHG. brochis[=o]n. Cf. {Break}, v. t.] 1. To injure, as by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bruise — Bruise, n. An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit. [1913 Webster] From the sole of the foot… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bruise — Bruise, v. i. To fight with the fists; to box. [1913 Webster] Bruising was considered a fine, manly, old English custom. Thackeray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bruise — vb *crush, mash, smash, squash, macerate Analogous words: batter, mangle, *maim: *press, squeeze bruise n *wound, contusion, trauma, traumatism, lesion …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • bruise — [n] black and blue mark under skin black eye, black mark, blemish, boo boo*, contusion, discoloration, injury, mark, mouse*, swelling, wale, wound; concept 309 bruise [v] break blood vessel; discolor bang up, batter, beat, black, blacken, blemish …   New thesaurus

  • bruise — ► NOUN 1) an injury appearing as an area of discoloured skin on the body, caused by a blow rupturing underlying blood vessels. 2) a similar area of damage on a fruit, vegetable, or plant. ► VERB 1) inflict a bruise on. 2) be susceptible to… …   English terms dictionary

  • bruise — [bro͞oz] vt. bruised, bruising [ME bruisen < OE brysan, to crush, pound < IE base * bhreus , to smash, crush; ME form & meaning infl. by OFr bruisier, to break, shatter < Gaul * brus < same IE base] 1. to injure (body tissue), as by a …   English World dictionary

  • bruise — index beat (strike), damage, harm, ill use, lash (strike), mistreat, mutilate …   Law dictionary

  • Bruise — Black and blue redirects here. For other uses, see Black and Blue (disambiguation). Bruises redirects here. For the 2008 rock song, see Bruises (song). Bruise Classification and external resources Bruises from a ladder fall …   Wikipedia

  • bruise — [[t]bru͟ːz[/t]] bruises, bruising, bruised 1) N COUNT A bruise is an injury which appears as a purple mark on your body, although the skin is not broken. How did you get that bruise on your cheek?... She was treated for cuts and bruises. 2) V ERG …   English dictionary

  • Bruise — A bruise or "contusion" is an traumatic injury of the soft tissues which results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. In the skin it can be seen as a reddish purple discoloration that does not blanch when …   Medical dictionary

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