bitter
I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Old English biter; akin to Old High German bittar bitter, Old English bītan to bite — more at bite Date: before 12th century 1. a. being or inducing the one of the four basic taste sensations that is peculiarly acrid, astringent, or disagreeable and suggestive of an infusion of hops — compare salt, sour, sweet b. distasteful or distressing to the mind ; galling <
a bitter sense of shame
>
2. marked by intensity or severity: a. accompanied by severe pain or suffering <
a bitter death
>
b. being relentlessly determined ; vehement <
a bitter partisan
>
c. exhibiting intense animosity <
bitter enemies
>
d. (1) harshly reproachful <
bitter complaints
>
(2) marked by cynicism and rancor <
bitter contempt
>
e. intensely unpleasant especially in coldness or rawness <
a bitter wind
>
3. expressive of severe pain, grief, or regret <
bitter tears
>
bitterish adjectivebitterly adverbbitterness noun II. noun Date: before 12th century 1. bitter quality 2. a. plural a usually alcoholic solution of bitter and often aromatic plant products used especially in preparing mixed drinks or as a mild tonic b. British a very dry heavily hopped ale III. transitive verb Date: 12th century to make bitter <
bittered ale
>
IV. adverb Date: 1749 to a bitter degree <
it's bitter cold
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bitter — Bit ter, a. [AS. biter; akin to Goth. baitrs, Icel. bitr, Dan., Sw., D., & G. bitter, OS. bittar, fr. root of E. bite. See {Bite}, v. t.] 1. Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bitter — Bitter, er, ste, adj. et adv. was auf der Zunge beißt, eine gewisse beißende Empfindung auf der Zunge verursacht, von dem Geschmacke. 1. Eigentlich. Das schmeckt bitter. Bitter wie Galle. Bitter wie Wermuth. Bittere Mandeln. Das bittere Wasser… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • bitter — BÍTTER s.n. Băutură alcoolică preparată prin macerarea anumitor substanţe în alcool de ienupere. [Scris şi biter. / < fr., engl. bitter, germ. Bitter, cf. ol. bitter – amar]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 19.11.2004. Sursa: DN  bítter (germ.) [e… …   Dicționar Român

  • bitter — bitter: Das altgerm. Adjektiv mhd. bitter, ahd. bittar, niederl. bitter, engl. bitter, schwed. bitter steht im Ablaut zu got. baitrs »bitter« und gehört mit diesem zu der Wortgruppe um ↑ beißen. Die Adjektivbildung bedeutete demnach ursprünglich… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • bitter — [bit′ər] adj. [ME < OE biter, akin to bītan,BITE] 1. designating or having a sharp, often unpleasant taste; acrid, as quinine or peach stones 2. causing or showing sorrow, discomfort, or pain; grievous 3. sharp and disagreeable; harsh; severe; …   English World dictionary

  • Bitter — can refer to: * Bitterness, one of the five basic tastes * Bitter (beer), a kind of ale particularly popular in Britain * Bitters, an herbal preparation now used mostly in cocktails * Bitter Cars, a German car company * Bitterness, an emotion… …   Wikipedia

  • Bitter — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abreviatura científica para el botánico Friedrich August Georg Bitter 1873 1927 La Bitter es un tipo de cerveza inglesa, derivada originalmente de la Pale Ale (cerveza inglesa pálida). Una versión más fuerte de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • bitter — Adj std. (8. Jh.), mhd. bitter, ahd. bittar, as. bittar Stammwort. Aus g. * bit ra Adj. bitter , auch in anord. bitr, ae. biter neben dem hochstufigen * bait ra gleicher Bedeutung in gt. baitrs und * baiska (aus * bait ska ) in anord. beiskr.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • bitter — (adj.) O.E. biter bitter, sharp, cutting; angry, embittered; cruel, from P.Gmc. *bitras (Cf. O.S. bittar, O.N. bitr, Du. bitter, O.H.G. bittar, Ger. bitter, Goth. baitrs bitter ), from PIE root *bheid to split (Cf. O.E. bitan …   Etymology dictionary

  • bitter — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a sharp, pungent taste or smell; not sweet. 2) causing pain or unhappiness. 3) feeling anger, hurt, and resentment. 4) (of a conflict) harsh and acrimonious. 5) (of wind or weather) intensely cold. ► NOUN 1) …   English terms dictionary

  • bitter — bitter, acrid are applied to things with an unpleasant taste (also smell, in the case of acrid) that is neither sweet nor bland yet seldom distinctly sour or really sickening. Bitter is traditionally associated with the repellent taste of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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