I. noun (plural bases) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin basis, from Greek, step, base, from bainein to go — more at come Date: 13th century 1. a. (1) the lower part of a wall, pier, or column considered as a separate architectural feature (2) the lower part of a complete architectural design b. the bottom of something considered as its support ; foundation c. (1) a side or face of a geometrical figure from which an altitude can be constructed; especially one on which the figure stands (2) the length of a base d. that part of a bodily organ by which it is attached to another more central structure of the organism 2. a. a main ingredient <
paint having a latex base
b. a supporting or carrying ingredient (as of a medicine) 3. a. the fundamental part of something ; groundwork, basis b. the economic factors on which in Marxist theory all legal, social, and political relations are formed 4. the lower part of a heraldic field 5. a. the starting point or line for an action or undertaking b. a baseline in surveying c. a center or area of operations: as (1) the place from which a military force draws supplies (2) a place where military operations begin (3) a permanent military installation d. (1) a number (as 5 in 56.44 or 57) that is raised to a power; especially the number that when raised to a power equal to the logarithm of a number yields the number itself <
the logarithm of 100 to the base 10 is 2 since 102 = 100
(2) a number equal to the number of units in a given digit's place that for a given system of writing numbers is required to give the numeral 1 in the next higher place <
the decimal system uses a base of 10
; also such a system of writing numbers using an indicated base <
convert from base 10 to base 2
(3) a number that is multiplied by a rate or of which a percentage or fraction is calculated <
to find the interest on $90 at 10 percent multiply the base 90 by .10
e. root 6 6. a. the starting place or goal in various games b. any one of the four stations at the corners of a baseball infield c. a point to be considered <
his opening remarks touched every base
7. a. any of various typically water-soluble and bitter tasting compounds that in solution have a pH greater than 7, are capable of reacting with an acid to form a salt, and are molecules or ions able to take up a proton from an acid or able to give up an unshared pair of electrons to an acid b. any of the five purine or pyrimidine bases of DNA and RNA that include cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine, and uracil 8. a price level at which a security previously declining in price resists further decline 9. the part of a transformational grammar that consists of rules and a lexicon and generates the deep structures of a language • based adjectivebaseless adjective II. transitive verb (based; basing) Date: 1587 1. to make, form, or serve as a base for 2. to find a base or basis for — usually used with on or upon III. adjective Etymology: Middle English bas, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin bassus fat, short, low Date: 14th century 1. archaic of little height 2. obsolete low in place or position 3. obsolete bass 4. archaic baseborn 5. a. resembling a villein ; servile <
a base tenant
b. held by villenage <
base tenure
6. a. being of comparatively low value and having relatively inferior properties (as lack of resistance to corrosion) <
a base metal such as iron
— compare noble b. containing a larger than usual proportion of base metals <
base silver denarii
7. a. lacking or indicating the lack of higher qualities of mind or spirit ; ignoble b. lacking higher values ; degrading <
a drab base way of life
basely adverbbaseness noun Synonyms: base, low, vile mean deserving of contempt because of the absence of higher values. base stresses the ignoble and may suggest cruelty, treachery, greed, or grossness <
base motives
. low may connote crafty cunning, vulgarity, or immorality and regularly implies an outraging of one's sense of decency or propriety <
refused to listen to such low talk
. vile the strongest of these words, tends to suggest disgusting depravity or filth <
a vile remark

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • base — base …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • basé — basé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • base — [ baz ] n. f. • XIIe; lat. basis, mot gr. « marche, point d appui » I ♦ A ♦ 1 ♦ Partie inférieure d un corps sur laquelle il porte, il repose. ⇒ appui (point d appui), assiette, assise, 1. dessous, fond, fondement, pied. La base de l édifice… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • base — base1 [bās] n. [ME < OFr bas < L basis,BASIS] 1. the thing or part on which something rests; lowest part or bottom; foundation 2. the fundamental or main part, as of a plan, organization, system, theory, etc. 3. the principal or essential… …   English World dictionary

  • Base — or BASE may refer to:A base is a mixture of urine n waste so do not eat it* Base meaning bottom, the lowest part of an object* can mean negative, unfavorable or undesirable in nature. Bad; vile; malicious; evil.In mathematics: *Base (mathematics) …   Wikipedia

  • base — n Base, basis, foundation, ground, groundwork are comparable when meaning something on which another thing is reared or built or by which it is supported or fixed in place. Base may be applied to the lowest part or bottom of something without… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • base — base·ball; base; base·less; base·lin·er; base·ly; base·man; base·ment; base·ness; de·base; de·base·ment; di·a·base; em·base; gnatho·base; gyno·base; im·base; iso·base; phal·lo·base; rheo·base; rim·base; scle·ro·base; sub·base; sur·base;… …   English syllables

  • base — (Del lat. basis, y este del gr. βάσις). 1. f. Fundamento o apoyo principal de algo. 2. Conjunto de personas representadas por un mandatario, delegado o portavoz suyo. U. m. en pl.) 3. Lugar donde se concentra personal y equipo, para, partiendo de …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Base — (b[=a]s), a. [OE. bass, F. bas, low, fr. LL. bassus thick, fat, short, humble; cf. L. Bassus, a proper name, and W. bas shallow. Cf. {Bass} a part in music.] 1. Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs. [Archaic]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Base — Base, n. [F. base, L. basis, fr. Gr. ba sis a stepping, step, a base, pedestal, fr. bai nein to go, step, akin to E. come. Cf. {Basis}, and see {Come}.] 1. The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • base — 1. a base de. Locución preposicional que, seguida de un sustantivo, expresa que lo denotado por este es el fundamento o componente principal: «Los [tallarines] verdes [...] están hechos a base de albahaca» (Cisneros Mestizaje [Perú 1995]).… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

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