barrel
I. noun Etymology: Middle English barel, from Anglo-French baril Date: 14th century 1. a round bulging vessel of greater length than breadth that is usually made of staves bound with hoops and has flat ends of equal diameter 2. a. the amount contained in a barrel; especially the amount (as 31 gallons of fermented beverage or 42 gallons of petroleum) fixed for a certain commodity used as a unit of measure b. a great quantity 3. a drum or cylindrical part: as a. the discharging tube of a gun b. the part of a fountain pen or of a pencil containing the ink or lead c. a cylindrical or tapering housing containing the optical components of a photographic-lens system and the iris diaphragm d. the fuel outlet from the carburetor on a gasoline engine 4. the trunk of a quadruped • barreled adjective II. verb (-reled or -relled; -reling or -relling) Date: 15th century transitive verb to put or pack in a barrel intransitive verb to move at a high speed or without hesitation

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Barrel — Bar rel (b[a^]r r[e^]l), n.[OE. barel, F. baril, prob. fr. barre bar. Cf. {Barricade}.] 1. A round vessel or cask, of greater length than breadth, and bulging in the middle, made of staves bound with hoops, and having flat ends or heads; as, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • barrel — bar‧rel [ˈbærəl] noun [countable] 1. TRANSPORT a large round container with a flat top and bottom, used for storing and carrying liquids such as oil and beer: • barrels of beer 2. an amount of a liquid contained in a barrel, used as unit of… …   Financial and business terms

  • barrel — [bar′əl, ber′əl] n. [ME barel < OFr baril < ML barillus < ?] 1. a large, wooden, cylindrical container with flat, circular ends and sides that bulge outward, made usually of staves bound together with hoops 2. the capacity or contents of …   English World dictionary

  • barrel — (n.) c.1300, from O.Fr. baril (12c.) barrel, cask, vat, with cognates in all Romance languages (Cf. It. barile, Sp. barril), but origin uncertain; perhaps from Gaulish, perhaps somehow related to BAR (Cf. bar) (n.1). Meaning metal tube of a gun… …   Etymology dictionary

  • barrel — ► NOUN 1) a large cylindrical container bulging out in the middle and with flat ends. 2) a measure of capacity for oil and beer (36 imperial gallons for beer and 35 for oil). 3) a cylindrical tube forming part of an object such as a gun or a pen …   English terms dictionary

  • Barrel — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Bsp.: • 1 Barrel = ca. 30 40 Gallonen • 1 Barrel Öl = 159 l …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Barrel — Bar rel (b[a^]r r[e^]l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Barreled} ( r[e^]ld), or {Barrelled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Barreling}, or {Barrelling}.] To put or to pack in a barrel or barrels. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barrel — Barrel, in England Flüssigkeitsmaß = 2 Kilderkins = 4 Firkins = 36 Imperialgallons = 163,5645 l; in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika Gewicht, bei gesalzenen Fischen und Pökelfleisch = 90,7 kg netto, bei Mehl = 88,9 kg netto, bei Harz 127… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Barrel — (engl., spr. bärrĕl), engl. Biermaß = 36 Imperialgallons = 163,56 l; Gewichtsbegriff verschiedener Größe für Weizenmehl = engl. 196 Pfund ( = 88,9 kg), Butter = 224, Seife = 256, Pottasche = 200 engl. Pfund …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • barrel — ● barrel nom masculin (anglais barrel, baril) Mesure de capacité américaine valant environ 158,98 litres (symbole bbl) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Barrel — Sn (ein Hohlmaß, besonders für Erdöl, 159 Liter) per. Wortschatz fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. barrel (eigentlich Holzgefäß ), dieses aus afrz. baril, dessen weitere Herkunft nicht sicher geklärt ist. ✎ Öhmann, E. NM 59 (1958),… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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