bankrupt
I. noun Etymology: modification of Middle French & Old Italian; Middle French banqueroute bankruptcy, from Old Italian bancarotta, from banca bank + rotta broken, from Latin rupta, feminine of ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break — more at bank, reave Date: 1533 1. a. a person who has done any of the acts that by law entitle creditors to have his or her estate administered for their benefit b. a person judicially declared subject to having his or her estate administered under the bankrupt laws for the benefit of creditors c. a person who becomes insolvent 2. a person who is completely lacking in a particular desirable quality or attribute <
a moral bankrupt
>
II. adjective Date: 1570 1. a. reduced to a state of financial ruin ; impoverished; specifically legally declared a bankrupt <
the company went bankrupt
>
b. of or relating to bankrupts or bankruptcy <
bankrupt laws
>
2. a. broken, ruined <
a bankrupt professional career
>
b. exhausted of valuable qualities ; sterile <
a bankrupt old culture
>
c. destitute — used with of or in <
bankrupt of all merciful feelings
>
III. transitive verb Date: 1588 1. to reduce to bankruptcy 2. impoverish <
defections had bankrupted the party of its brainpower
>
Synonyms: see deplete

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bankrupt — bank·rupt 1 / baŋ ˌkrəpt/ n: a debtor (as an individual or organization) whose property is subject to administration under the bankruptcy laws for the benefit of the debtor s creditors was adjudicated a bankrupt see also debtor bankrupt 2 adj:… …   Law dictionary

  • bankrupt — [baŋk′rupt΄, baŋk′rəpt] n. [Fr banqueroute < It banca rotta < banca, bench (see BANK1) + rotta, broken < L rupta, fem. pp. of rumpere, to break: see RUPTURE] 1. a person legally declared unable to pay his or her debts: the property of a… …   English World dictionary

  • Bankrupt — Bank rupt, a. 1. Being a bankrupt or in a condition of bankruptcy; unable to pay, or legally discharged from paying, one s debts; as, a bankrupt merchant. [1913 Webster] 2. Depleted of money; not having the means of meeting pecuniary liabilities; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bankrupt — Bank rupt, n. [F. banqueroute, fr. It. bancarotta bankruptcy; banca bank (fr. OHG. banch, G. bank, bench) + rotta broken, fr. L. ruptus, p. p. of rumpere to break. At Florence, it is said, the bankrupt had his bench (i.e., money table) broken.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bankrupt — ► ADJECTIVE 1) declared in law unable to pay one s debts. 2) completely lacking in a particular good quality or value: morally bankrupt. ► NOUN ▪ a person legally declared as bankrupt. ► VERB ▪ reduce to a bankrupt state. DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • Bankrupt — Bank rupt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bankrupted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bankrupting}.] To make bankrupt; to bring financial ruin upon; to impoverish. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bankrupt — 1530s (n., bankrupt person ); 1560s (adj.), from It. banca rotta, lit. a broken bench, from banca moneylender s shop, lit. bench (see BANK (Cf. bank) (1)) + rotta broken, defeated, interrupted from (and remodeled on) L. rupta, fem. pp. of rumpere …   Etymology dictionary

  • bankrupt — the entity that files a bankruptcy; the debtor; the insolvent entity. This is a non technical term and is not used in the Bankruptcy Code (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) A person who has made an assignment or against whom a receiving order… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • bankrupt — vb impoverish, exhaust, *deplete, drain Analogous words: denude, *strip, bare: sap, cripple, disable, undermine (see WEAKEN) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • bankrupt — [adj] unable to pay debts broke, depleted, destitute, exhausted, failed, impoverished, in Chapter 11*, insolvent, lacking, lost, out of business, ruined, spent, tapped out; concept 334 Ant. rich, solvent, wealthy …   New thesaurus

  • bankrupt — a debtor, who has volunteered or been forced to appear before a Bankruptcy Court and has been judged insolvent, because s/he has insufficient assets to meet the demands of all creditors. Glossary of Business Terms * * * ▪ I. bankrupt bank‧rupt 1… …   Financial and business terms

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