I. noun Usage: often attributive Date: 1672 1. a. the scenery or ground behind something b. the part of a painting representing what lies behind objects in the foreground 2. an inconspicuous position 3. a. the conditions that form the setting within which something is experienced b. (1) the circumstances or events antecedent to a phenomenon or development (2) information essential to understanding of a problem or situation c. the total of a person's experience, knowledge, and education 4. a. intrusive sound or radiation that interferes with received or recorded electronic signals b. a more or less steady level of noise above which the effect (as radioactivity) being measured by an apparatus (as a Geiger counter) is detected; especially a somewhat steady level of radiation in the natural environment (as from cosmic rays) 5. a level of computer processing at which the processor uses time not required for a primary task to work on an additional task — compare foreground Synonyms: background, setting, environment, milieu, mise-en-scène mean the place, time, and circumstances in which something occurs. background often refers to the circumstances or events that precede a phenomenon or development <
the shocking decision was part of the background of the riots
. setting suggests looking at real-life situations in literary or dramatic terms <
a militant reformer who was born into an unlikely social setting
. environment applies to all the external factors that have a formative influence on one's physical, mental, or moral development <
the kind of environment that produces juvenile delinquents
. milieu applies especially to the physical and social surroundings of a person or group of persons <
an intellectual milieu conducive to artistic experimentation
. mise-en-scène strongly suggests the use of properties to achieve a particular atmosphere or theatrical effect <
a gothic thriller with a carefully crafted mise-en-scène
. II. transitive verb Date: 1768 to provide with background

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • background — ack ground , n. [Back, a. + ground.] [1913 Webster] 1. Ground in the rear or behind, or in the distance, as opposed to the {foreground}, or the ground in front. [1913 Webster] 2. (Paint.) The space which is behind and subordinate to a portrait… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • background — back‧ground [ˈbækgraʊnd] noun [countable] 1. HUMAN RESOURCES someone s past, for example their education, qualifications, and the jobs they have had: • We are looking for someone with a background in tourism. 2. in the background COMPUTING a… …   Financial and business terms

  • background — background, setting, environment, milieu, mise en scène, backdrop are comparable when they refer to persons and their actions as found in real life or as represented in art and denote the place, time, circumstances, and conditions in which those… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • background — [ bakgraund ] n. m. • 1953; mot angl. , de back « qui est derrière » et ground « sol » ♦ Anglic. Arrière plan, cadre, contexte (d une action, d un événement). Recomm. offic. arrière plan. ● background nom masculin (mot anglais) Contexte, arrière… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • background — BACKGROUND, backgrounduri, s.n. 1. (Englezism) Fundal. 2. Fond sonor al unei partituri solistice în jaz. 3. Tehnică de filmare la care fundalul este obţinut prin retroproiecţie. [pr.: bécgraund] – Din engl. background. Trimis de paula, 13.09.2007 …   Dicționar Român

  • background — [bak′ground΄] n. 1. the part of a scene or picture that is or seems to be toward the back 2. surroundings, esp. those behind something and providing harmony or contrast; surface against which something is seen 3. a less important or unobtrusive… …   English World dictionary

  • background — (izg. bȅkgraund) m DEFINICIJA term. 1. površina ili prostor na kojem se predmeti ili pojave ili vide ili prikazuju; podloga, pozadina 2. a. obitelj iz koje netko potječe, njegova izobrazba, društveno i nacionalno podrijetlo, ono što čini… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • background — La voz inglesa background se emplea con cierta frecuencia en español con los sentidos de ‘conjunto de circunstancias vitales, conocimientos o experiencias que han contribuido a la formación de una persona’ y ‘orígenes o antecedentes de una… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Background — Background: Das Fremdwort mit der Bedeutung »Hintergrund; Milieu; musikalische Begleitung; Lebenserfahrung« wurde in der 2. Hälfte des 20. Jh.s aus gleichbed. engl. background entlehnt, aus back »zurück« und ground »‹Hinter›grund« …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • background — index atmosphere, basis, case (set of circumstances), context, determinant, preparation, scene Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burto …   Law dictionary

  • background — / bækgraʊnd/, it. /bɛk graund/ s. ingl. [comp. di back dietro e ground terreno, campo ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. [complesso di fatti e circostanze che fanno da sfondo a un avvenimento e lo spiegano] ▶◀ retroscena, retroterra, sfondo. ↑ causa …   Enciclopedia Italiana

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”