I. preposition Etymology: Middle English, alteration of againes, from again Date: 13th century 1. a. in opposition or hostility to <
spoke against his enemies
b. contrary to <
against the law
c. in competition with <
racing against each other
d. as a basis for disapproval of <
had nothing against him
2. a. directly opposite ; facing <
she sat down just over against me — Daniel Defoe
b. obsolete exposed to 3. compared or contrasted with <
profits are up against last year
4. a. in preparation or provision for <
saving against an uncertain future
b. as a defense or protection from <
a shelter against the cold
5. a. in the direction of and into contact with <
knocked against the ropes
b. in contact with <
leaning against the wall
6. in a direction opposite to the motion or course of ; counter to <
sail against the wind
7. a. as a counterbalance to <
weighing risk against profit
b. in exchange for <
a lower rate against the dollar
c. as a charge on <
charged against her account
8. before the background of <
viewed against the sky
II. conjunction Date: 14th century archaic in preparation for the time when <
throw on another log of wood against father comes home — Charles Dickens

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Against — Студийный альбом Se …   Википедия

  • against — [ə genst′; ] also, esp. Cdn & Brit [, əgānst′] prep. [ME ayeynst, opposite to, facing < OE ongegn, ongean (see AGAIN), with adv. gen. es + unhistoric t] 1. a) in opposition to or competition with [a fight against evil] b) contrary to [against… …   English World dictionary

  • Against — A*gainst (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See {Again}.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; in this sense often preceded by over. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Against — may refer to: Against (album), a 1998 album by Brazilian heavy metal band Sepultura Against (song), the title track song from the Sepultura album Against (American band), an American thrash band Against (Australian band), an Australian hardcore… …   Wikipedia

  • against — ► PREPOSITION 1) in opposition to. 2) to the disadvantage of. 3) in resistance to. 4) in anticipation of and preparation for (a difficulty). 5) in relation to (money owed, due, or lent) so as to reduce, cancel, or secure it. 6) in or into contact …   English terms dictionary

  • against — index contiguous, contra (adverb), contra (preposition), disinclined Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • against — (adv.) early 12c., agenes in opposition to, a southern variant of agen again (see AGAIN (Cf. again)), with adverbial genitive. The parasitic t turned up mid 14c. and was standard by early 16c., perhaps from influence of superlatives …   Etymology dictionary

  • against — [prep] opposite to across, adjacent, contra, contrary to, counter to, facing, in contrast to, in opposition to, opposed to, opposing, versus; concept 564 …   New thesaurus

  • against — [[t]əge̱nst, əge͟ɪnst[/t]] ♦ (In addition to the uses shown below, against is used in phrasal verbs such as come up against , guard against , and hold against .) 1) PREP If one thing is leaning or pressing against another, it is touching it. She… …   English dictionary

  • against — a|gainst W1S1 [əˈgenst, əˈgeınst US əˈgenst] prep [Date: 1300 1400; Origin: againes against (11 16 centuries), from again] 1.) a) used to say that someone opposes or disagrees with something ▪ Every council member voted against the proposal. ▪… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • against — a|gainst [ ə genst ] preposition *** 1. ) in opposition to someone or something a ) used for stating which plan, idea, or action someone opposes and thinks is wrong: Amnesty International has campaigned publicly against the death penalty. I m… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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