I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from affier to pledge, trust, from Medieval Latin affidare to pledge, from Latin ad- + Vulgar Latin *fidare to trust — more at fiancé Date: 14th century archaic trust, confidence II. transitive verb (-anced; -ancing) Date: 1555 to solemnly promise (oneself or another) in marriage ; betroth

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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  • Affiance — Af*fi ance ([a^]f*f[imac] ans), n. [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF. afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad + fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See {Faith}, and cf. {Affidavit}, {Affy}, {Confidence}.] 1. Plighted faith;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affiance — af*fi ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {affianced} ([a^]f*f[imac] anst); p. pr. & vb. n. {affiancing} ([a^]f*f[imac] an*s[i^]ng).] [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To betroth; to pledge one s faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one s self or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affiance — index confidence (faith), reliance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • affiance — (v.) 1520s, to promise, from O.Fr. afiancier to pledge, promise, give one s word, from afiance (n.) confidence, trust, from afier to trust, from L.L. affidare, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + fidare to trust, from fidus …   Etymology dictionary

  • affiance — [ə fī′əns] n. [ME affiaunce < OFr afiance < afier, to trust in < ML affidare < ad , to + fidare, to trust < L fidere: see FIDELITY] 1. Archaic trust or faith 2. a plighting of faith; promise of marriage; betrothal vt. affianced,… …   English World dictionary

  • affiance — 1. verb To be betrothed to; to promise to marry. 2. noun A solemn engagement, especially a pledge of marriage. I that Ladie to my spouse had wonne; / Accord of friends, consent of parents soug …   Wiktionary

  • affiance — /æfiˈɒns / (say afee ons), /əˈfaɪəns / (say uh fuyuhns) verb (t) (affianced, affiancing) 1. to bind by promise of marriage; betroth: to affiance a daughter. –noun 2. the pledging of faith, especially a marriage contract. 3. trust; confidence;… …   Australian English dictionary

  • affiance — /euh fuy euhns/, v., affianced, affiancing, n. v.t. 1. to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth. n. Archaic. 2. a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract. 3. trust; confidence; reliance. [1300 50; ME < MF afiance, equiv. to afi(er) to pledge… …   Universalium

  • affiance — af·fi·ance || É™ faɪəns v. betroth, engage to be married …   English contemporary dictionary

  • affiance — [ə fʌɪəns] verb (be affianced) literary be engaged to marry. Origin C15: from OFr. afiancer, from afier promise, entrust , from med. L. affidare declare on oath …   English new terms dictionary

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