Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin affectus, from afficere
Date: 14th century
1. obsolete feeling, affection
2. the conscious subjective aspect of an emotion considered apart from bodily changes; also a set of observable manifestations of a subjectively experienced emotion <patients…showed perfectly normal reactions and affects — Oliver Sacks> Usage: see effect II. verb Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French affecter, from Latin affectare, frequentative of afficere to influence, from ad- + facere to do — more at do Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. archaic to aim at 2. a. archaic to have affection for b. to be given to ; fancy <affect flashy clothes> 3. to make a display of liking or using ; cultivate <affect a worldly manner> 4. to put on a pretense of ; feign <affect indifference, though deeply hurt> 5. to tend toward <drops of water affect roundness> 6. frequent intransitive verb obsolete incline 2 Synonyms: see assume Usage: see effect III. transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from affectus, past participle of afficere Date: 15th century to produce an effect upon: as a. to produce a material influence upon or alteration in <paralysis affected his limbs> b. to act upon (as a person or a person's mind or feelings) so as to effect a response ; influence Usage: see effect • affectability noun • affectable adjective Synonyms: affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway mean to produce or have an effect upon. affect implies the action of a stimulus that can produce a response or reaction <the sight affected her to tears>. influence implies a force that brings about a change (as in nature or behavior) <our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing>. touch may carry a vivid suggestion of close contact and may connote stirring, arousing, or harming <plants touched by frost> <his emotions were touched by her distress>. impress stresses the depth and persistence of the effect <only one of the plans impressed him>. strike similar to but weaker than impress, may convey the notion of sudden sharp perception or appreciation <struck by the solemnity of the occasion>. sway implies the acting of influences that are not resisted or are irresistible, with resulting change in character or course of action <politicians who are swayed by popular opinion>.
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.