I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin affectus, from afficere Date: 14th century 1. obsolete feeling, affection 2. the conscious subjective aspect of an emotion considered apart from bodily changes; also a set of observable manifestations of a subjectively experienced emotion <
patients…showed perfectly normal reactions and affects — Oliver Sacks
Usage: see effect II. verb Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French affecter, from Latin affectare, frequentative of afficere to influence, from ad- + facere to do — more at do Date: 15th century transitive verb 1. archaic to aim at 2. a. archaic to have affection for b. to be given to ; fancy <
affect flashy clothes
3. to make a display of liking or using ; cultivate <
affect a worldly manner
4. to put on a pretense of ; feign <
affect indifference, though deeply hurt
5. to tend toward <
drops of water affect roundness
6. frequent intransitive verb obsolete incline 2 Synonyms: see assume Usage: see effect III. transitive verb Etymology: Middle English, from affectus, past participle of afficere Date: 15th century to produce an effect upon: as a. to produce a material influence upon or alteration in <
paralysis affected his limbs
b. to act upon (as a person or a person's mind or feelings) so as to effect a response ; influence Usage: see effectaffectability nounaffectable adjective Synonyms: affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway mean to produce or have an effect upon. affect implies the action of a stimulus that can produce a response or reaction <
the sight affected her to tears
. influence implies a force that brings about a change (as in nature or behavior) <
our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing
. touch may carry a vivid suggestion of close contact and may connote stirring, arousing, or harming <
plants touched by frost
his emotions were touched by her distress
. impress stresses the depth and persistence of the effect <
only one of the plans impressed him
. strike similar to but weaker than impress, may convey the notion of sudden sharp perception or appreciation <
struck by the solemnity of the occasion
. sway implies the acting of influences that are not resisted or are irresistible, with resulting change in character or course of action <
politicians who are swayed by popular opinion

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • affect — [ afɛkt ] n. m. • 1908; all. Affekt; a. fr. et XVIe « état, disposition »; du lat. affectus, comme l all. ♦ Psychol. État affectif élémentaire. Les sensations et les affects. ● affect nom masculin (allemand Affekt) Processus de décharge de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • affect — simulate, *assume, pretend, feign, counterfeit, sham affect 1 Affect, influence, touch, impress, strike, sway are more or less closely synonymous when they mean to produce or to have an effect upon a person or upon a thing capable of a reaction.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Affect — Af*fect , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Affected}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Affecting}.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of afficere. See {Fact}.] 1. To act upon; to produce an …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affect — affect, effect 1. These two words are often confused. It should be remembered that effect is most common as a noun meaning ‘a result or consequence’ • (In England, at any rate, education produces no effect whatsoever Oscar Wilde) and that affect… …   Modern English usage

  • affect — Ⅰ. affect [1] ► VERB 1) make a difference to; have an effect on. 2) touch the feelings of. DERIVATIVES affecting adjective. USAGE Affect and effect are frequently confused …   English terms dictionary

  • affect — I verb act on, adficere, bear upon, cause to alter, cause to vary, change, commovere, conduce, exert influence, have an effect upon, have influence, impress, induce, influence, introduce a change, make a change, play a direct part, prevail upon,… …   Law dictionary

  • affect — [v1] influence, affect emotionally act on, alter, change, disturb, impinge, impress, induce, influence, inspire, interest, involve, modify, move, overcome, perturb, prevail, regard, relate, stir, sway, touch, transform, upset; concepts… …   New thesaurus

  • affect — affect1 [ə fekt′; ] for n. [ 2, af′ekt΄] vt. [ME affecten < L affectare, to strive after < affectus, pp. of afficere, to influence, attack < ad , to + facere, DO1] 1. to have an effect on; influence; produce a change in [bright light… …   English World dictionary

  • Affect — Af*fect ([a^]f*f[e^]kt ), n. [L. affectus.] 1. Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Psychotherapy) The emotional complex associated with an idea or mental state. In hysteria, the affect is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • affect — affect, affective, affectivity An affect is an emotion. In sociology the use of the term generally implies that an action is being or has been carried out for emotional gratification. For example, in their discussion of Class Awareness in the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Affect — (v. lat.), schnell entstehende, lebhafte, ein bemerkliches Streben durch Aufhebung des Gleichgewichts im Gemüth hervorbringende, auf die Functionen des Geistes u. Körpers sichtbaren Einfluß habende Gemüthsbewegung. A. entsteht, wenn eine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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