- I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *Jacomus, alteration of Late Latin Jacobus, Jacob Jacob Date: 13th century 1. an apostle, son of Zebedee, and brother of the apostle John according to the Gospel accounts 2. an apostle and son of Alphaeus according to the Gospel accounts — called also James the Less 3. a brother of Jesus traditionally held to be the author of the New Testament Epistle of James 4. a moral lecture addressed to early Christians and included as a book in the New Testament — see bible table II. biographical name name of 6 kings of Scotland & 2 kings of Great Britain: especially VI 1566-1625 of Scotland (reigned 1567-1603) or I of Great Britain (reigned 1603-25); II 1633-1701 (reigned 1685-88) III. biographical name Henry 1811-1882 American philosopher IV. biographical name Henry 1843-1916 son of preceding British (American-born) writer • Jamesian adjective V. biographical name Jesse Woodson 1847-1882 American outlaw VI. biographical name P(hyllis) D(orothy) 1920- British writer VII. biographical name William 1842-1910 brother of Henry American psychologist & philosopher • Jamesian adjective VIII. geographical name 1. (or officially Dakota) river 710 miles (1143 kilometers) North Dakota & South Dakota flowing S to Missouri River 2. river 340 miles (547 kilometers) Virginia flowing E into Chesapeake Bay at Hampton Roads
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.