-est
I. adjective suffix or adverb suffix Etymology: Middle English, from Old English -st, -est, -ost; akin to Old High German -isto (adjective superlative suffix), Greek -istos — used to form the superlative degree of adjectives and adverbs of one syllable <
fattest
>
<
latest
>
, of some adjectives and adverbs of two syllables <
luckiest
>
<
oftenest
>
, and less often of longer ones <
beggarliest
>
II. verb suffix or -st Etymology: Middle English, from Old English -est, -ast, -st; akin to Old High German -ist, -ōst, -ēst, 2d singular ending — used to form the archaic second person singular of English verbs (with thou) <
didst
>
<
canst
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”