Lithuania
or Lith Lietuva geographical name country N central Europe bordering on the Baltic; remnant of a medieval principality extending from Baltic Sea to Black Sea; a republic 1918-40, a constituent republic ( Lithuanian Republic) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1940-91; capital Vilnius area 25,174 square miles (65,201 square kilometers), population 3,753,000

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • LITHUANIA — (Lithuanian Lietuva; Pol. Litwa; Rus. Litva; Heb. Lita ליטא or ליטה; Yid. Lite ליטע), southernmost of Baltic states of N.E. Europe; from 1940 Lithuanian S.S.R. (for early period, see poland lithuania ). (See Map: Lithuanian Communities). For the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lithuania — • An ancient grandy duchy united with Poland in the fourteenth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lithuania     Lithuania     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LITHUANIA — Regni Poloniae pars, et magnus Ducatus, palustris regio, plurimumque nemorosa. Ab Or. Borysthene claudit ur. Russiam et Moldaviam ad Mer, respicit, Poloniam versus Occas. Livoniam ad Sept. conterminas haber. Rara huius regionis oppida. Metropolis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lithuanĭa — Lithuanĭa, neulateinischer Name von Lithauen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lithuania — from Lith. Lietuva, of unknown origin, perhaps from a PIE source related to L. litus shore and thus meaning shoreland. Related: Lithuanian …   Etymology dictionary

  • Lithuania — [lith΄o͞o ā′nē ə, lith΄ə wā′nē ə] country in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: from 1940 to 1991 it was a republic of the U.S.S.R.: 25,170 sq mi (65,190 sq km); pop. 3,675,000; cap. Vilnius: formerly, Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic …   English World dictionary

  • Lithuania — Lithuanic /lith ooh an ik/, adj., n. /lith ooh ay nee euh/, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic: an independent state 1918 40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 3,635,932; 25,174 sq. mi. (65,200 sq. km). Cap.:… …   Universalium

  • Lithuania — Infobox Country native name = Lietuvos Respublika conventional long name = Republic of Lithuania common name = Lithuania map caption = map caption |region=on the European continent |subregion=the European Union | national motto = Tautos jėga… …   Wikipedia

  • Lithuania — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Lithuania <p></p> Background: <p></p> Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended… …   The World Factbook

  • Lithuania —    Following the pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in August 1939, Lithuania fell into the German sphere of influence. This arrangement was altered in September 1939 when Lithuania refused to join Germany in the war against Poland.… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Lithuania —    Estimated Gypsy population: 5,500. The official population, according to the last Soviet census (in 1989), was recorded as 2,700, with 81 percent speaking Romani as their mother tongue. The earliest reference to Gypsies on the territory of… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

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