Khirbat Qumran
or Khirbet Qumran geographical name locality West Bank on Wadi Qumran near NW shore of Dead Sea; site of an Essene community (about 100 B.C.-A.D. 68) near a series of caves in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Qumran, Khirbat — geographical name see Khirbat Qumran …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Khirbet Qumran — geographical name see Khirbat Qumran …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • DEAD SEA SCROLLS — DEAD SEA SCROLLS, the popular designation given to collections of manuscript material found in 1947 and the following years in various caves west of the Dead Sea, notably at qumran , Murabbaʿāt , Khirbat Mird, together with en gedi and masada .… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dead Sea Scrolls — a number of leather, papyrus, and copper scrolls dating from c100 B.C. to A.D. 135, containing partial texts of some of the books of the Old Testament and some non Biblical scrolls, in Hebrew and Aramaic, and including apocryphal writings,… …   Universalium

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • ESCHATOLOGY — In general, the term eschatology designates the doctrine concerning the last things. The word last can be understood either absolutely as referring to the ultimate destiny of mankind in general or of each individual man, or relatively as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DEAD SEA SECT — (also called Qumran Sect or Qumran Community). The name refers strictly to a Jewish community which lived in the Second Temple period and which adopted a strict and separatist way of life. It is so called because the main source of knowledge… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MURABBAʿAT SCROLLS — MURABBAʿAT SCROLLS, manuscripts found in 1951 and 1952 in caves in Wadi Murabbaʿat, which runs down to the Dead Sea from the west about 18 km. (11 mi.) south of Wadi Qumrān and some 25 km. (15 mi.) southeast of jerusalem . The presence of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Essene — Essenian /e see nee euhn/, Essenic /e sen ik/, adj. /es een, e seen /, n. Judaism. a member of a Palestinian sect, characterized by asceticism, celibacy, and joint holding of property, that flourished from the 2nd century B.C. to the 2nd century… …   Universalium

  • WRITING — (Scripts, Materials, and Inscriptions). SCRIPTS AND MATERIALS General Survey From the end of the third millennium B.C.E., the art of writing was practiced in the ancient Near East (see alphabet ). Here, the pictographic, cuneiform, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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