also botulinus noun Etymology: New Latin, from Latin botulus sausage Date: 1902 a spore-forming bacterium (Clostridium botulinum) that secretes botulinum toxinbotulinal adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • botulinum — bot·u·li·num (bŏch ə līʹnəm) also bot·u·li·nus ( nəs) n. An anaerobic, rod shaped bacterium (Clostridium botulinum) that secretes botulin and inhabits soils.   [New Latin botulīnum, specific epithet, from Latin botulus, sausage.]   bot u·liʹnal… …   Universalium

  • botulinum — bot·u·li·num .bäch ə lī nəm also bot·u·li·nus nəs n a spore forming bacterium of the genus Clostridium (C. botulinum) that secretes botulinum toxin bot·u·li·nal līn əl adj …   Medical dictionary

  • botulinum — noun An anaerobic soil bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, that secretes the toxin botulin …   Wiktionary

  • botulinum — n. toxin that causes the potentially fatal disease botulism and is found in spoiled food (created by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • botulinum — noun anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism • Syn: ↑botulinus, ↑Clostridium botulinum • Hypernyms: ↑eubacteria, ↑eubacterium, ↑true bacteria • Member Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • botulinum — bot·u·li·num …   English syllables

  • botulinum — /bɒtʃəˈlaɪnəm/ (say bochuh luynuhm) noun the toxin derived from the Clostridia genus of anaerobic bacteria, causing botulism. Also, botulin /ˈbɒtʃələn/ (say bochuhluhn) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Botulinum toxin — Clinical data Pregnancy cat.  ? Legal status  ? (US) Rout …   Wikipedia

  • botulinum toxin — also botulinus toxin n a very powerful bacterial neurotoxin that acts primarily on the parasympathetic nervous system, is produced by botulinum, blocks release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, and causes botulism often used with… …   Medical dictionary

  • botulinum toxin type A — n a purified botulinum toxin of high molecular weight that is used by injection esp. to treat strabismus, blepharospasm, spasmodic torticollis, and severe axillary hyperhidrosis and in cosmetic dermatology and plastic surgery to minimize wrinkles …   Medical dictionary

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