X-ray diffraction
noun Date: 1924 a scattering of X-rays by the atoms of a crystal that produces an interference effect so that the diffraction pattern gives information on the structure of the crystal or the identity of a crystalline substance

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • X-ray diffraction — n a scattering of X rays by the atoms of a crystal that produces an interference effect so that the diffraction pattern gives information on the structure of the crystal or the identity of a crystalline substance * * * a technique for studying… …   Medical dictionary

  • X-ray diffraction — n. the diffraction of X rays as they pass through a substance, usually forming an interference pattern that can be captured on film and used to analyze the internal structure of the substance …   English World dictionary

  • X-ray diffraction — rentgeno spinduliuotės difrakcija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. X ray diffraction vok. Röntgenbeugung, f; Röntgendiffraktion, f; Röntgenstrahlenbeugung, f rus. дифракция рентгеновских лучей, f pranc. diffraction des rayons X, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • X-ray diffraction — Basis of powerful technique for determining the three dimensional structure of molecules, including complex biological macromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids, that form crystals or regular fibres. Low angle X ray diffraction is also… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • X-ray diffraction —    An analytical technique used to identify crystalline solids by measuring the characteristic spaces between layers of atoms or molecules in a crystal. X ray diffraction can be very useful in the identification of explosive residue …   Forensic science glossary

  • x-ray diffraction — Physics. diffraction of x rays by the regularly spaced atoms of a crystal, useful for determining the arrangement of the atoms. [1940 45] * * * Phenomenon in which the atoms of a crystal, by virtue of their uniform spacing, cause an interference… …   Universalium

  • X-ray diffraction — noun the scattering of X rays by the atoms of a crystal; the diffraction pattern shows structure of the crystal (Freq. 3) • Hypernyms: ↑diffraction …   Useful english dictionary

  • X-ray diffraction — noun a) The scattering of X rays by the regular lattice of atoms or molecules in a crystal. b) The diffraction pattern so obtained …   Wiktionary

  • x-ray diffraction — n. phs diffraction of x rays by the regularly spaced atoms of a crystal, useful for determining the arrangement of the atoms …   From formal English to slang

  • Shape factor (X-ray diffraction) — A shape factor is used in x ray diffraction and crystallography to correlate the size of sub micrometre particles, or crystallites, in a solid to the broadening of a peak in a diffraction pattern. In the Scherrer equation,: au = frac {K… …   Wikipedia

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