Etymology: Middle English, against, from, with, from Old English; akin to Old English wither against, Old High German widar against, back, Sanskrit vi apart
Date: before 12th century
a. in opposition to ; against <had a fight with his brother> b. so as to be separated or detached from <broke with her family> 2. a. — used as a function word to indicate a participant in an action, transaction, or arrangement <works with his father> <a talk with a friend> <got into an accident with the car> b. — used as a function word to indicate the object of attention, behavior, or feeling <get tough with him> <angry with her> c. in respect to ; so far as concerns <on friendly terms with all nations> d. — used to indicate the object of an adverbial expression of imperative force <off with his head> e. over, on <no longer has any influence with them> f. in the performance, operation, or use of <the trouble with this machine> 3. a. — used as a function word to indicate the object of a statement of comparison or equality <a dress identical with her hostess's> b. — used as a function word to express agreement or sympathy <must conclude, with you, that the painting is a forgery> c. on the side of ; for <if he's for lower taxes, I'm with him> d. as well as <can pitch with the best of them> 4. a. — used as a function word to indicate combination, accompaniment, presence, or addition <heat milk with honey> <went there with her> <his money, with his wife's, comes to a million> b. inclusive of <costs $5 with the tax> 5. a. in the judgment or estimation of <stood well with her classmates> b. in or according to the experience or practice of <with many of us, our ideas seem to fall by the wayside — W. J. Reilly> 6. a. — used as a function word to indicate the means, cause, agent, or instrumentality <hit him with a rock> <pale with anger> <threatened with tuberculosis> <he amused the crowd with his antics> b. archaic by the direct act of 7. a. — used as a function word to indicate manner of action <ran with effort> <acknowledge your contribution with thanks> b. — used as a function word to indicate an attendant fact or circumstance <stood there with his hat on> c. — used as a function word to indicate a result attendant on a specified action <got off with a light sentence> 8. a. (1) in possession of ; having <came with good news> (2) in the possession or care of <left the money with her mother> b. characterized or distinguished by <a person with a sharp nose> 9. a. — used as a function word to indicate a close association in time <with the outbreak of war they went home> <mellows with time> b. in proportion to <the pressure varies with the depth> 10. a. in spite of ; notwithstanding <a really tip-top man, with all his wrongheadedness — H. J. Laski> b. except for <finds that, with one group of omissions and one important addition, they reflect that curriculum — Gilbert Highet> 11. in the direction of <with the wind> <with the grain>
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.