vitriol
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French vitriole, from Medieval Latin vitriolum, alteration of Late Latin vitreolum, neuter of vitreolus glassy, from Latin vitreus vitreous Date: 14th century 1. a. a sulfate of any of various metals (as copper, iron, or zinc); especially a glassy hydrate of such a sulfate b. oil of vitriol 2. something felt to resemble vitriol especially in caustic quality; especially virulence of feeling or of speech • vitriolic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • vitriol — [ vitrijɔl ] n. m. • XIIIe; vedriol v. 1100; lat. vitreolus « vitreux » 1 ♦ Chim. Anc. Sulfate. Vitriol blanc (sulfate de zinc), bleu (de cuivre), vert (sulfate ferreux). 2 ♦ Huile de vitriol (1560) , et ellipt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vitriol — VITRIÓL, vitrioluri, s.n. (pop.) Acid sulfuric (în soluţie concentrată). ♦ (înv.) Nume dat unor sulfaţi. [pr.: tri ol] – Din fr. vitriol. Trimis de ana zecheru, 08.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  VITRIÓL s. v. acid sulfuric. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004 …   Dicționar Român

  • vitriol — VITRIOL. s. f. Espece de mineral qui est acide. Vitriol commun. vitriol Romain. vitriol blanc. poudre de vitriol. esprit de vitriol …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vitriol — [vi′trē ôl΄, vi′trē əl] n. [ME < MFr < ML vitriolum, vitriol < LL vitreolus, glassy < L vitreus, glassy: from the glassy appearance] 1. a) any of several sulfates of metals, as copper sulfate (blue vitriol), iron sulfate ( green… …   English World dictionary

  • vitriol — (n.) late 14c., sulphate of iron, from O.Fr. vitriol (13c.), from M.L. vitriolum vitriol, from neuter of vitriolus, from L.L. vitreolus of glass, from L. vitreus of glass, glassy, from vitrium glass (see VITREOUS (Cf. vitreous)). So called from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, v. t. [imp. & p. p. { oled}or { olled}; p. pr. & vb. n. { oling} or { olling}.] [From {Vitriol}, n.] 1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vitriol — vitrìōl m <G vitrióla> DEFINICIJA kem. staro ime za galicu i za sumpornu kiselinu ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Vitriol ← lat. vitreus: staklen …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Vitriol — Vitriol, die allgemeine Bezeichnung für schwefelsaure Metallsäge; 1) Blauer od. Cyprischer V., ist Schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd, s. Kupfervitriol; 2) Grüner V., ist Schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul, s. Eisenvitriol; 3) Weißer (Zinkvitriol, Galizenstein),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vitriōl — Vitriōl, das Schwefelsäuresalz eines Metalls, z. B. Eisenvitriol (grüner V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul; Kupfervitriol (blauer V.). soviel wie schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd; Zinkvitriol (weißer V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Zinkoxyd,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vitriol — Vitriōl, Bezeichnung aller in Wasser löslichen schwefelsauren Salze schwerer zweiwertiger Metalle, bes. des Zinks, Mangans, Eisens, Kobalts, Nickels und Kupfers. Blauer V. ist Kupfer V., grüner V. Eisen V., weißer V. Zink V.; Admonter, Salzburger …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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