valerian
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French or Medieval Latin; Anglo-French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriana, probably from feminine of valerianus of Valeria, from Valeria, Roman province formerly part of Pannonia Date: 12th century 1. any of a genus (Valeriana of the family Valerianaceae, the valerian family) of perennial herbs and shrubs many of which possess medicinal properties 2. a preparation of the dried rhizome and roots of the garden heliotrope (Valeriana officinalis) used especially formerly as a carminative and sedative

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Valerian — Valérian et Laureline Valérian et Laureline Série alias Valérian, agent spatio temporel Genre(s) Science fiction Scénario Pierre Christin Dessin Jean Claude Mézières Coloriste Évelyne Tranlé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valérian — et Laureline Valérian et Laureline Série alias Valérian, agent spatio temporel Genre(s) Science fiction Scénario Pierre Christin Dessin Jean Claude Mézières Coloriste Évelyne Tranlé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valerian — auf einem Aureus mit der Göttin Felicitas . Valerian (* um 200; † nach 260 in Gundishapur), mit vollständigem Namen Publius Licinius Valerianus, war von 253 bis 260 römischer Kaiser. Als Kaiser bemühte er sich um die Stabilisierung der Grenzen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valerian — may mean:* Valerian (herb), a medicinal plant * Red valerian, a garden flower People * Valerian I, Roman emperor 253 260 * Valerian II, son of Gallienus (d. 258) * Valerianus Magnus (1586 1661), Italian Capuchin missionary preacher in Central… …   Wikipedia

  • Valerian — • Biography of the Roman ruler, focusing on his treatment of Christians Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Valerian     Valerian     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Valerian — Va*le ri*an, n. [LL. valeriana, perhaps from some person named Valerius, or fr. L. valere to be strong. powerful, on account of its medicinal virtues: cf. F. val[ e]riane.] (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Valeriana}. The root of the officinal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Valerian —   [v ], eigentlich Publius Licinius Valerianus, römischer Kaiser (seit 253), * um 200, ✝ nach 262 (?); von den Truppen in Rätien oder Noricum zum Kaiser ausgerufen; setzte seinen Sohn Gallienus als Mitregenten ein. Valerian suchte im Osten die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • valerian — [və lir′ē ən] n. [ME < MFr valériane < ML valeriana, valerian, prob. after Valeria, province in Pannonia, where the plants were grown] 1. any of a genus (Valeriana) of plants of the valerian family, with clusters or spikes of white, pink,… …   English World dictionary

  • valerian — ► NOUN 1) a plant bearing clusters of small pink, red, or white flowers. 2) a sedative drug obtained from a valerian root. ORIGIN Latin valeriana, apparently from Valerianus of Valerius (a personal name) …   English terms dictionary

  • valerian — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. valeriane, apparently from feminine singular of Latin adjective Valerianus, from the personal name Valerius (see VALERIE (Cf. Valerie)); but Weekley writes, some of the Ger. and Scand. forms of the name point rather to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Valerian — (14. April) bringt den Kukuk heran. – Boebel, 19 …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

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