tympanum
noun (plural tympana; also -nums) Etymology: Medieval Latin & Latin; Medieval Latin, eardrum, from Latin, drum, architectural panel, from Greek tympanon drum, kettledrum; perhaps akin to Greek typtein to beat Date: 1619 1. a. (1) tympanic membrane (2) middle ear b. a thin tense membrane covering an organ of hearing of an insect — see insect illustration c. a membranous resonator in a sound-producing organ 2. a. the recessed usually triangular face of a pediment within the frame made by the upper and lower cornices b. the space within an arch and above a lintel or a subordinate arch

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:
(of the ear)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tympanum — or timpanum or thympanon (Latin form) or tympanon (Greek form) may mean: * In biology, tympanum ndash; Eardrums * In classical architecture, tympanum is an architectural element located within the arch or Pediment * In music, timpano ndash;… …   Wikipedia

  • tympanum — drum of the ear, 1610s, from M.L. tympanum, introduced in this sense by Italian anatomist Gabriello Fallopio (1523 1562), from L. tympanum drum, from Gk. tympanon a drum, panel of a door, from root of typtein to beat, strike (see TYPE (Cf. type)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tympanum — Tym pa*num, n.; pl. E. {Tympanums}, L. {Tympana}. [L., a kettledrum, a drum or wheel in machines, the triangular area in a pediment, the panel of a door, Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? to strike, beat. See {Type}, and cf. {Timbrel}.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The ear drum …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tympănum — (v. gr.), 1) eine dem Tambourin ähnliche Handtrommel, Handpauke, mit hohlem, halbrund gewölbtem Bauch; bes. brauchte man das T. bei dem Dienst der Kybele (s. Tympanismos) u. bei Einweihungen in die Mysterien; 2) so v.w. Pauke; 3) (Anat.),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tympanum — Tympănum (grch.), Handpauke; im Kirchenbau das mit Reliefs oder Mosaiken geschmückte Bogenfeld über dem Portal; auch das Trommelfell; ferner eine Art Schöpfrad (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tympanum — Tympanum, die alterthümliche Handpauke; beckenförmige Vertiefung in einer Wand zur Aufnahme eines Standbildes etc.; das Trommelfell …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tympanum — ⇒ Trommelfell …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • tympanum — ► NOUN (pl. tympanums or tympana) 1) Anatomy & Zoology the eardrum. 2) Architecture a vertical recessed triangular space forming the centre of a pediment or over a door. DERIVATIVES tympanic adjective. ORIGIN Greek tumpanon drum …   English terms dictionary

  • tympanum — [tim′pə nəm] n. pl. tympanums or tympana [tim′pənə] [L: see TYMPAN] 1. Anat. a) MIDDLE EAR b) TYMPANIC MEMBRANE 2. Zool …   English World dictionary

  • TYMPANUM — I. TYMPANUM a τύπτω, i. e. percutio, quale fuerit, antiqua numismata indicant, in quorum aversa parte Cybele Mater Deûm Tympanum in sinu gerit, vel eidem innititur. Ex im ie descripsit Plinius de margaritis agens, l. 9. c. 35. Quibus una tantum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • tympanum — /tim peuh neuhm/, n., pl. tympanums, tympana / neuh/. 1. Anat., Zool. a. See middle ear. b. See tympanic membrane. 2. Archit. a. the recessed, usually triangular space enclosed between the horizontal and sloping cornices of a pediment, often… …   Universalium

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