noun Etymology: Middle English turnepike revolving frame bearing spikes and serving as a barrier, from turnen to turn + pike Date: 1678 1. tollgate 2. a. (1) a road (as an expressway) for the use of which tolls are collected (2) a road formerly maintained as a turnpike b. a main road; especially a paved highway with a rounded surface

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turnpike — Turn pike , n. [Turn + pike.] 1. A frame consisting of two bars crossing each other at right angles and turning on a post or pin, to hinder the passage of beasts, but admitting a person to pass between the arms; a turnstile. See {Turnstile}, 1.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turnpike —   [ təːnpaɪk; englisch »Drehkreuz«] der, / s, autobahnähnliche, gebührenpflichtige Schnellstraße in Nordamerika, die von eigenständigen Gesellschaften (Turnpike Authorities) geplant, finanziert, gebaut und betrieben wird. * * * Turn|pike [… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Turnpike — Turn pike , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turnpiked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Turnpiking}.] To form, as a road, in the manner of a turnpike road; into a rounded form, as the path of a road. Knowles. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turnpike — (n.) early 15c., spiked road barrier used for defense, from TURN (Cf. turn) + PIKE (Cf. pike) (n.2) shaft. Sense transferred to horizontal cross of timber, turning on a vertical pin (1540s), which were used to bar horses from foot roads. This led …   Etymology dictionary

  • Turnpike — (engl., spr. törnpaik), Drehkreuz, in England an Straßen bei Mauthäusern angebracht zum Zweck der Erhebung des Wegegeldes, daher Turnpikeroads, Straßen mit solchen Drehkreuzen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • turnpike — index causeway Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • turnpike — [n] highway expressway, four lane*, freeway, interstate, parkway, pike*, roadway, state highway, superhighway, toll road; concept 501 …   New thesaurus

  • turnpike — ► NOUN 1) historical a toll gate. 2) historical a road on which a toll was collected. 3) US a motorway on which a toll is charged. ORIGIN originally denoting a spiked barrier fixed across a road as a defence against sudden attack: from PIKE(Cf.… …   English terms dictionary

  • turnpike — [tʉrn′pīk΄] n. [ME turnpyke, a spiked barrier across a road: see TURN & PIKE4] 1. Historical a turnstile 2. TOLLGATE 3. a toll road, esp. one that is an expressway …   English World dictionary

  • turnpike — n. (AE) toll express way 1) (to travel) by turnpike 2) (to drive) on a turnpike * * * [ tɜːnpaɪk] (AE) [ toll expressway ] (to travel) by turnpike (to drive) on a turnpike …   Combinatory dictionary

  • turnpike — turn|pike [ˈtə:npaık US ˈtə:rn ] n [Date: 1700 1800; Origin: turnpike road (18 20 centuries), from turnpike turning post with sharp points fixed into it, used to control movement past it (15 18 centuries), from turn + PIKE4] AmE a large road for… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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