noun Etymology: Medieval Latin traction-, tractio, from Latin trahere Date: 1608 1. the act of drawing ; the state of being drawn; also the force exerted in drawing 2. the drawing of a vehicle by motive power; also the motive power employed 3. a. the adhesive friction of a body on a surface on which it moves <
the traction of a wheel on a rail
b. a pulling force exerted on a skeletal structure (as in a fracture) by means of a special device <
a traction splint
; also a state of tension created by such a pulling force <
a leg in traction
tractional adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • traction — [ traksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1503; bas lat. tractio, de trahere → 1. tracteur ♦ Action de tirer; son effet. 1 ♦ Techn. Action de tirer en tendant, en étendant; force longitudinale provoquant l allongement ou l extension. Résistance des matériaux à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Traction — may refer to: * Traction (engineering), the mechanical force used to achieve motion * Railway electric traction, the use of electric motors to propel rail cars * Traction (orthopedics), in orthopaedic medicine, the set of mechanisms for… …   Wikipedia

  • Traction — Trac tion, n. [L. trahere, tractum, to draw: cf. F. traction.] 1. The act of drawing, or the state of being drawn; as, the traction of a muscle. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically, the act of drawing a body along a plane by motive power, as the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • traction — [trak′shən] n. [ML tractio < L tractus, pp. of trahere, to DRAW] 1. a) a pulling or drawing, esp. of a load, vehicle, etc. over a road, track, or other surface b) the state of being pulled or drawn c) the kind of power used for pulling or… …   English World dictionary

  • Traction — (v. lat.), der Zug mit der Geburtszange, s.d. S. 37 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • traction — index stress (strain) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • traction — (n.) early 15c., a drawing or pulling (originally the pulling of a dislocated limb to reposition it), from M.L. tractionem (nom. tractio) a drawing (mid 13c.), noun of action from stem of L. trahere to pull, draw (see TRACT (Cf. tract) (1)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • traction — [n] physical resistance, friction absorption, adherence, adhesion, constriction, contraction, drag, draught, drawing, grip, haulage, pull, pulling, purchase, resorption, strain, stress, stretch, suck, suction, towage; concepts 731,748 Ant.… …   New thesaurus

  • traction — ► NOUN 1) the action of pulling a thing along a surface. 2) the motive power used for pulling. 3) Medicine the application of a sustained pull on a limb or muscle, especially to maintain the position of a fractured bone or to correct a deformity …   English terms dictionary

  • Traction — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Attraction. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • traction — [[t]træ̱kʃ(ə)n[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT: oft in N Traction is a form of medical treatment, in which weights and pulleys are used to gently pull or stretch an injured part of the body for a period of time. You say that a person who is having this… …   English dictionary

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