noun Etymology: French toluène, from tolu balsam from the tropical American tree Myroxylon balsamum, from Spanish tolú, from Santiago de Tolú, Colombia Date: 1855 a liquid aromatic hydrocarbon C7H8 that resembles benzene but is less volatile, flammable, and toxic and is used especially as a solvent, in organic synthesis, and as an antiknock agent for gasoline

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Toluene — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Toluene — Toluène Toluène structure et représentations du toluène Général Nom IUPAC Toluène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toluène — structure et représentations du toluène Général Nom IUPAC Toluène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TOLUÈNE — Hydrocarbure aromatique encore appelé méthylbenzène. Formule: C6H5 CH3 Masse moléculaire: 92,13 g Masse spécifique: 0,866 g/cm3 Point de fusion: 95 0C Point d’ébullition: 110,8 0C. Infiniment soluble dans l’éthanol, l’éther et le benzène. Le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • toluene —    Toluene is a liquid used as a solvent and as a thinner for certain inks, paints, lacquers, resins, cleaners, and adhesives. It is an organic liquid with a sweet, benzene like odor, found in gasoline and aviation fuel. The most common use of… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Toluene — Tol u*ene, n. [Tolu + benzene.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon, {C6H5.CH3}, of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; called also {methyl benzene}, {phenyl… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toluene — (n.) colorless liquid hydrocarbon, 1871, from Ger. toluin (Berzelius, 1842), from Tolu, place in Colombia (now Santiago de Tolu) from which balsam of Tolu was obtained from the bark of certain trees. The chemical so called because it was first… …   Etymology dictionary

  • toluene — [täl′yo͞o ēn΄] n. [ TOLU + (BENZ)ENE] a colorless, liquid, flammable, poisonous hydrocarbon, C6H5CH3, obtained originally from balsam of Tolu but now generally from coal tar or petroleum, and used in making dyes, explosives, etc. and as a solvent …   English World dictionary

  • toluene — /tol yooh een /, n. Chem. a colorless, water insoluble, flammable liquid, C7H8, having a benzenelike odor, obtained chiefly from coal tar and petroleum: used as a solvent in the manufacture of benzoic acid, benzaldehyde, TNT, and other organic… …   Universalium

  • toluene — to·lu·è·ne s.m. TS chim. idrocarburo aromatico la cui molecola si può derivare da quella del benzene per sostituzione di un atomo di idrogeno con un gruppo metilico, usato come antidetonante per benzine, come solvente di lacche e di resine e come …   Dizionario italiano

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