temperament
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Latin temperamentum, from temperare to mix, temper Date: 15th century 1. obsolete a. constitution of a substance, body, or organism with respect to the mixture or balance of its elements, qualities, or parts ; makeup b. complexion 1 2. obsolete a. climate b. temperature 2 3. a. the peculiar or distinguishing mental or physical character determined by the relative proportions of the humors according to medieval physiology b. characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response <
a nervous temperament
>
c. extremely high sensibility; especially excessive sensitiveness or irritability 4. a. the act or process of tempering or modifying ; adjustment, compromise b. middle course ; mean 5. the slight modification of acoustically pure intervals in tuning a musical instrument; especially modification that produces a set of 12 equally spaced tones to the octave Synonyms: see disposition

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • tempérament — [ tɑ̃peramɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1478; h. XIIIe; lat. imp. temperamentum « juste proportion », d où « action de tempérer », de temperare « adoucir » I ♦ 1 ♦ (1583) Vx ou littér. Équilibre d un mélange, d une composition. « Ce tempérament de mes tendances » …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • temperament — Temperament. s. m. Complexion, meslange des quatre humeurs dans le corps de l Animal. Il ne se dit guere qu en parlant de l homme. Bon temperament. mauvais temperament. je connois son temperament. cela altere le temperament. estre d un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • temperament — TEMPERAMÉNT, temperamente, s.n. Ansamblul trăsăturilor fiziologice şi nervoase ale unei persoane, care determină diferenţieri psihice şi de comportament între indivizi; fire. ♦ Energie vitală, avânt, elan, impetuozitate; vioiciune. – Din fr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Temperament — Tem per*a*ment, n. [L. temperamentum a mixing in due proportion, proper measure, temperament: cf. F. temp[ e]rament. See {Temper}, v. t.] 1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temperament — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. temperamentncie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} zespół cech psychicznych człowieka, wyrażających się w jakości, szybkości i trwałości reakcji uczuciowych na bodźce;… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Temperament — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. temperāmentum n. richtige Mischung , Abstraktum zu l. temperāre mischen (temperieren). Im 16. Jh. wird das Wort auf die richtige Mischung der Körpersäfte angewandt (im Sinne der Säftelehre: s.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • temperament — temperàment (temperamȅnt) m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA psih. način, brzina i jačina umnog i osjećajnog reagiranja, način ponašanja svojstven pojedincu, skup psiholoških značajki; ćud, narav [hladan temperament; miran temperament; razdražljiv… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • temperament — [tem′pər ə mənt, tem′prə mənt] n. [ME < L temperamentum, proper mixing < temperare: see TEMPER] 1. Obs. the act or an instance of tempering; proportionate mixture or balance of ingredients 2. in medieval physiology, any of the four… …   English World dictionary

  • Temperament — »Wesens , Gemütsart; Lebhaftigkeit, Schwung, Feuer«: Das Fremdwort wurde im 16. Jh. aus lat. temperamentum »das richtige Verhältnis gemischter Dinge, die gehörige Mischung; das rechte Maß« (wie auch entsprechend engl. temperament, frz.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Temperament — нем. [тэмпэрамэ/нт], англ. [тэ/мпэрэмэнт] tempérament фр. [танпэрама/н] temperamento ит. [тэмпэрамэ/нто] 1) темперамент 2) темперация …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • tempérament — Temperament нем. [тэмпэрамэ/нт], англ. [тэ/мпэрэмэнт] tempérament фр. [танпэрама/н] temperamento ит. [тэмпэрамэ/нто] 1) темперамент 2) темперация …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

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