noun Etymology: Middle English sompe swamp — more at swamp Date: 1653 1. a pit or reservoir serving as a drain or receptacle for liquids: as a. cesspool b. a pit at the lowest point in a circulating or drainage system (as the oil-circulating system of an internal combustion engine) c. chiefly British oil pan 2. British crankcase 3. [German Sumpf, literally, marsh, from Middle High German — more at swamp] a. the lowest part of a mine shaft into which water drains b. an excavation ahead of regular work in driving a mine tunnel or sinking a mine shaft 4. something resembling a sump ; sink 2

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Sump — Sump, n. [Cf. G. sumpf a sump in a mine, a swamp, akin to LG. sump, D. somp a swamp, Dan. & Sw. sump, and perhaps to E. swamp.] 1. (Metal.) A round pit of stone, lined with clay, for receiving the metal on its first fusion. Ray. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sump — [sʌmp] n [Date: 1600 1700; Origin: sump swamp (15 20 centuries), from Middle Dutch somp or Middle Low German sump wet ground ] 1.) the lowest part of a ↑drainage system, where liquids or wastes remain 2.) BrE the part of an engine that contains… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sump — /sump/, n. 1. a pit, well, or the like in which water or other liquid is collected. 2. Mach. a chamber at the bottom of a machine, pump, circulation system, etc., into which a fluid drains before recirculation or in which wastes gather before… …   Universalium

  • sump — early 15c., marsh, morass, from M.Du. somp or M.L.G. sump, from P.Gmc. *sumpaz. Meaning pit to collect water is first found 1650s …   Etymology dictionary

  • sump — sb., en, e, ene, i sms. sump , fx sumpområde, sumpplante …   Dansk ordbog

  • sump — ► NOUN 1) the base of an internal combustion engine, which serves as a reservoir of oil for the lubrication system. 2) a depression in the floor of a mine or cave in which water collects. 3) a cesspool. ORIGIN originally denoting a marsh: from… …   English terms dictionary

  • sump — [sump] n. [ME sompe,SWAMP] 1. a) a pit, cistern, cesspool, etc. for draining, collecting, or storing liquids b) Brit. OIL PAN 2. Mining a) a pit or pool at the bottom of a shaft or mine, in which water collects and from which it …   English World dictionary

  • sump — [ sʌmp ] noun count a low open area in the ground that waste liquid flows into …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sump — as·sump·sit; as·sump·tion; as·sump·tion·ist; as·sump·tious; as·sump·tive; con·sump·ti·ble; con·sump·tion; pre·sump·tion; pre·sump·tive; pre·sump·tive·ly; pre·sump·tu·ous; pre·sump·tu·ous·ly; pre·sump·tu·ous·ness; re·sump·tion; re·sump·tive;… …   English syllables

  • Sump — This article is about sumps in general. For cave sumps, see Sump (cave). Oil pan redirects here. For the Transformer, see Oil Pan (Transformers). A sump is a low space that collects any often undesirable liquids such as water or chemicals. A sump …   Wikipedia

  • sump —    1. In caves a sump is a section of flooded passage. This may be a perched sump, probably quite short, within a vadose cave and created by a local reverse passage gradient. Alternatively it may be a major feature, where a cave passage descends… …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

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