noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from acid Date: 1899 a radical RCO– derived usually from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl from all acid groups — often used in combination

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Acyl — group of a carboxylic acid. An acyl group is a functional group derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid,[1] including inorganic acids. In organic chemistry, the acyl group is usually derived from a carboxylic acid… …   Wikipedia

  • Acyl — Ac yl, n. [Acid + yl.] (Org. Chem.) An acid radical, as acetyl, malonyl, or benzoyl. An acyl radical can be depicted as {R CO }, where { CO } is the carbonyl group, and R is the group that characterizes the acyl moiety. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acyl... — Acyl...,   allgemeine Bezeichnung für die Atomgruppierung R CO (R = organischer Rest), die von Carbonsäuren durch Entfernung der OH Gruppe abgeleitet wird, z. B. Acetyl …   Universal-Lexikon

  • acyl — [as′il] n. [ AC(ID) + YL] Chem. a radical, RCO, derived from an organic acid by the removal of the OH group …   English World dictionary

  • acyl- — ⇒ACYLE, ACYL , subst. masc. CHIM. Nom donné au radical organique R CO , qui se trouve dans les acides carboxyliques : • 1. À vrai dire, acides nucléiques et peptides offrent une parenté structurale évidente : les nucléotides se présentent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acyl — Acylgruppe Als Acylgruppe, Acyl oder Azyl bezeichnet man eine funktionelle Gruppe mit der allgemeinen Struktur R (C=O) , wobei R eine Alkyl , Aryl oder auch eine heteroaromatische Gruppe sein kann. Die Acylgruppe leiten sich formal von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • acyl — /as il, eel/, adj. Chem. containing the acyl group. [1895 1900; < G: an organic radical derived from an acid; see ACID, YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • acyl — adj. containing the acyl group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • acyl- — acil statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Grupė. formulė RCO– atitikmenys: angl. acyl rus. ацил …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acyl — noun Any of class of organic radicals, RCO , formed by the removal of a hydroxyl group from a carboxylic acid …   Wiktionary

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