noun Etymology: Latin sophista, from Greek sophistēs, literally, expert, wise man, from sophizesthai to become wise, deceive, from sophos clever, wise Date: 14th century 1. philosopher 2. capitalized any of a class of ancient Greek teachers of rhetoric, philosophy, and the art of successful living prominent about the middle of the fifth century B.C. for their adroit subtle and allegedly often specious reasoning 3. a captious or fallacious reasoner

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


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  • Sophist — (v. gr.), bedeutet eigentlich denjenigen, welcher im Stande ist Andere klug, einsichtig u. weise zu machen. Protagoras (s.d.) soll der erste gewesen[300] sein, welcher sich diesen Namen ausdrücklich beilegte; im 5. Jahrh. v. Chr. wurde er auf die …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sophist — Soph ist, n. [F. sophiste, L. sophistes, fr. Gr. ?. See {Sophism}.] 1. One of a class of men who taught eloquence, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece; especially, one of those who, by their fallacious but plausible reasoning, puzzled… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sophist — Sophist, allgemein: Trugredner (holländ. drogredenaar) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • sophist — 1540s, earlier sophister (late 14c.), from L. sophista, sophistes, from Gk. sophistes, from sophizesthai to become wise or learned, from sophos wise, clever, of unknown origin. Gk. sophistes came to mean one who gives intellectual instruction for …   Etymology dictionary

  • sophist — ► NOUN ▪ a person who uses clever but false arguments. DERIVATIVES sophistic adjective sophistical adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • sophist — [säf′ist] n. [L sophista < Gr sophistēs, wise man: see SOPHISM] 1. [often S ] in ancient Greece, any of a group of teachers of rhetoric, politics, philosophy, etc., some of whom were notorious for their clever, specious arguments 2. any person …   English World dictionary

  • sophist — /sof ist/, n. 1. (often cap.) Gk. Hist. a. any of a class of professional teachers in ancient Greece who gave instruction in various fields, as in general culture, rhetoric, politics, or disputation. b. a person belonging to this class at a later …   Universalium

  • Sophist — Die Sophistik, von griechisch σοφιστής (sophistés) „Weisheitsbringer“ (seinerzeit geläufige Berufsbezeichnung für Lehrer), ist aus heute landläufiger (nachplatonischer) Sicht eine geistige Strömung der griechischen Antike. In herabsetzender Weise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sophist — ↑ Sophistin Deutler, Deutlerin; (bildungsspr.): Kasuist, Kasuistin; (ugs.): [schlauer] Fuchs, Schlaufuchs, Schlaumeier; (ugs., oft scherzh.): Schlauberger, Schlaubergerin; (abwertend): Haarspalter, Haarspalterin, Scholastiker, Scholastikerin,… …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • sophist — noun /ˈsɒfɪst/ a) One of a class of teachers of rhetoric, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece, especially one who used fallacious but plausible reasoning. b) One who is captious …   Wiktionary

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