noun (plural shammosim) Etymology: Yiddish shames, from Late Hebrew shāmmāsh Date: 1650 1. the sexton of a synagogue 2. the candle or taper used to light the other candles in a Hanukkah menorah

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • shammes — or shammas [shä′məs] n. alt. sp. of SHAMAS …   English World dictionary

  • shammes — noun see shammash * * * shammas(h, shammes, os vars. shamash …   Useful english dictionary

  • shammes — /shah meuhs/, n., pl. shammosim /shah maw sim/. 1. sexton (def. 2). 2. the candle used to kindle the candles in the Hanukkah menorah. Also, shames. [1945 50; < Yiddish shames < Heb shammash server, attendant] * * * …   Universalium

  • shammes — noun a) A sexton in a synagogue b) The candle used to light the other eight candles of a Hanukkah menorah …   Wiktionary

  • shammes — sham·mes …   English syllables

  • shammes — sham•mes or sha•mes [[t]ˈʃɑ məs[/t]] n. pl. sham•mo•sim or sha•mo•sim [[t]ʃɑˈmɔ sɪm[/t]] 1) jud sexton 2) 2) jud the candle used to kindle the other candles in the Hanukkah menorah • Etymology: 1945–50; < Yiddish shames < Heb shammāsh… …   From formal English to slang

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  • List of English words of Yiddish origin — For Yiddish words used by English speaking Jews (that are not necessarily English), see Yiddish words used by English speaking Jews. This is a list of English words of Yiddish origin, many of which have entered the English language by way of… …   Wikipedia

  • shamus — noun Etymology: perhaps from Yiddish shames shammes; from a jocular comparison of the duties of a sexton and those of a store detective Date: 1925 1. slang police officer 2. slang private investigator …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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