noun Etymology: Middle English revolucioun, from Middle French revolution, from Late Latin revolution-, revolutio, from Latin revolvere to revolve Date: 14th century 1. a. (1) the action by a celestial body of going round in an orbit or elliptical course; also apparent movement of such a body round the earth (2) the time taken by a celestial body to make a complete round in its orbit (3) the rotation of a celestial body on its axis b. completion of a course (as of years); also the period made by the regular succession of a measure of time or by a succession of similar events c. (1) a progressive motion of a body around an axis so that any line of the body parallel to the axis returns to its initial position while remaining parallel to the axis in transit and usually at a constant distance from it (2) motion of any figure about a center or axis <
revolution of a right triangle about one of its legs generates a cone
(3) rotation 1b 2. a. a sudden, radical, or complete change b. a fundamental change in political organization; especially the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed c. activity or movement designed to effect fundamental changes in the socioeconomic situation d. a fundamental change in the way of thinking about or visualizing something ; a change of paradigm <
the Copernican revolution
e. a changeover in use or preference especially in technology <
the computer revolution
the foreign car revolution
Synonyms: see rebellion

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

, , / (in the political constitution of a country), ,

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