respiratory distress syndrome
noun Date: 1964 a respiratory disorder chiefly of newborn premature infants that is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs resulting in labored breathing, lung collapse, and hypoxemia

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • respiratory distress syndrome — n a respiratory disorder that occurs in newborn premature infants and is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs, by failure of the lungs to expand and contract properly during breathing with resulting …   Medical dictionary

  • Respiratory distress syndrome — There are two forms of respiratory distress syndrome: * ARDS, which is acute (or adult ) respiratory distress syndrome * Infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), which is a complication of premature birth, also known as hyaline membrane… …   Wikipedia

  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 J80 Atemnotsyndrom des Erwachsenen [ARDS] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Respiratory distress syndrome — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 J80 Atemnotsyndrom des Erwachsenen [ARDS] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • respiratory distress syndrome — Pathol. 1. Also called hyaline membrane disease. an acute lung disease of the newborn, occurring primarily in premature babies and babies born to ill mothers, characterized by rapid breathing, flaring of the nostrils, inelastic lungs, edema of… …   Universalium

  • respiratory distress syndrome — noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the …   Useful english dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — hyaline membrane disease the condition of a newborn infant in which the lungs are imperfectly expanded. Initial inflation and normal expansion of the lungs requires the presence of a substance (surfactant) that reduces the surface tension of the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — res′piratory distress′ syn drome n. 1) pat an acute lung disease of newborn, esp. premature, infants, caused by a deficiency of the surface active substance that keeps the alveoli of the lungs expanded 2) pat extreme shortness of breath, as from… …   From formal English to slang

  • respiratory distress syndrome — the condition of a newborn infant in which the lungs are imperfectly expanded. Initial inflation and normal expansion of the lungs requires the presence of a substance (surfactant) that reduces the surface tension of the air sacs (alveoli) and… …   Medical dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome of newborns — ▪ pathology also called  hyaline membrane disease        a common complication in infants, especially in premature newborns, characterized by extremely laboured breathing, cyanosis (a bluish tinge to the skin or mucous membranes), and abnormally… …   Universalium

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