respiration
noun Etymology: Middle English respiracioun, from Latin respiration-, respiratio, from respirare Date: 15th century 1. a. the placing of air or dissolved gases in intimate contact with the circulating medium of a multicellular organism (as by breathing) b. a single complete act of breathing 2. the physical and chemical processes by which an organism supplies its cells and tissues with the oxygen needed for metabolism and relieves them of the carbon dioxide formed in energy-producing reactions 3. any of various energy-yielding oxidative reactions in living matter • respiratory adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • RESPIRATION — La physiologie comparée de la respiration a pour objet l’étude des mécanismes assurant les échanges de l’oxygène et du dioxyde de carbone (gaz carbonique) entre les organismes vivants et le milieu, aqueux et aérien, dans lequel ils vivent.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Respiration — Res pi*ra tion (r?s p?*r? sh?n), n. [L. respiratio: cf. F. respiration. See {Respire}.] 1. The act of respiring or breathing again, or catching one s breath. [1913 Webster] 2. Relief from toil or suffering: rest. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Till the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Respiration — is the act of inhaling and exhaling air in order to exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide. * * * 1. A fundamental process of life, characteristic of both plants and animals, in which oxygen is used to oxidize organic fuel molecules, providing a… …   Medical dictionary

  • respiration — Respiration. s. f. v. L action de respirer, la faculté par laquelle on respire. Il n a pas la respiration libre. le poulmon & les autres parties qui servent à la respiration …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Respiration — (v. lat.), 1) das Athemholen; daher Respirationsmuskeln, die das Athmen durch Erweiterung u. Verengung der Brusthöhle vermittelnden Muskeln, bes. die Brustmuskeln. Respirationswege, die der atmosphärischen Luft für das Athemholen zugänglichen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Respiration — (lat.), s. Atmung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Respiration — Respiratiōn (lat.), Atmung (s.d.); respirābel, einatembar, zum Einatmen dienlich oder tauglich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Respiration — ⇒ Atmung …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • respiration — фр. [рэспирасьо/н] respirazione ит. [рэспирацио/нэ] 1) дыхание 2) знаки перемены дыхания в вокальных партиях …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • respiration — early 15c., from L. respirationem, noun of action from respirare (see RESPIRE (Cf. respire)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • respiration — ► NOUN 1) the action of breathing. 2) a single breath. 3) Biology a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic… …   English terms dictionary

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