basil
noun Etymology: Middle French basile, from Late Latin basilicum, from Greek basilikon, from neuter of basilikos Date: 15th century 1. any of several aromatic herbs (genus Ocimum) of the mint family; especially sweet basil 2. the dried or fresh leaves of a basil used especially as a seasoning

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Basil — ist ein männlicher Vorname[1] und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basil — Bas il, n. [F. basilic, fr. L. basilicus royal, Gr. basiliko s fr. basiley s king.] (Bot.) The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil ({Ocymum basilicum}), and the bush basil, or lesser… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basil — aromatic shrubby plant, early 15c., from O.Fr. basile (15c., Mod.Fr. basilic), from M.L. basilicum, from Gk. basilikon (phyton) royal (plant), from basileus king (see BASIL (Cf. Basil)). So called, probably, because it was believed to have been… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Basil — m English: from the Greek name Basileios ‘royal’ (a derivative of basileus king). This name was borne by St Basil the Great (c.330–379), bishop of Caesarea, a theologian regarded as one of the Fathers of the Eastern Church. It was also the name… …   First names dictionary

  • Basil — Basil,   Otto, österreichischer Schriftsteller, * Wien 24. 12. 1901, ✝ ebenda 19. 2. 1983; schrieb Gedichte, Essays, Theaterkritiken (Sammlung »Lob und Tadel«, 1981); übersetzte aus dem Französischen; gab 1938 und 1945 48 die Zeitschrift »Plan«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • basil — [bā′zəl, baz′əl] n. [ME & OFr basile < ML basilicum < Gr basilikon ( phyton), basil, lit., royal (plant) < basileus, king] any of a genus (Ocimum) of fragrant plants of the mint family, esp. a white flowered garden herb ( O. basilicum)… …   English World dictionary

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Corrupt. from E. basan, F. basane, LL. basanium, bazana, fr. Ar. bith[=a]na, prop., lining.] The skin of a sheep tanned with bark. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Cf. F. basile and E. {Bezel}.] The slope or angle to which the cutting edge of a tool, as a plane, is ground. Grier. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Basiled} (?); p. pr. & vb. n. {Basiling}.] To grind or form the edge of to an angle. Moxon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Basil, so v.w. Basilios …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Basil — masc. proper name, from L. Basilius, from Gk. Basileios kingly, royal, from basileus king, of unknown origin, possibly from a language of Asia Minor (Cf. Lydian battos king ) …   Etymology dictionary

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