noun Etymology: prostate gland + 1-in; from its occurrence in the seminal fluid of animals Date: 1936 any of various oxygenated unsaturated cyclic fatty acids of animals that are formed chiefly by the action of cyclooxygenase on arachidonic acid and perform a variety of hormonelike actions (as in controlling blood pressure or smooth muscle contraction)

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prostaglandin — 1936, from German (1935); see PROSTATE (Cf. prostate) + GLAND (Cf. gland) + chemical suffix IN (Cf. in) (2) …   Etymology dictionary

  • prostaglandin — [präs΄tə glan′din] n. [< PROSTATE + GLAND1 + IN1] any of a group of hormonelike fatty acids found throughout the body, esp. in semen, that affect blood pressure, metabolism, body temperature, and other important body processes …   English World dictionary

  • Prostaglandin — A prostaglandin is any member of a group of lipid compounds that are derived enzymatically from fatty acids and have important functions in the animal body. Every prostaglandin contains 20 carbon atoms, including a 5 carbon ring.They are… …   Wikipedia

  • Prostaglandin — Die Herstellung von Prostaglandin H2 aus Arachidonsäure wird durch zwei Schritte katalysiert Prostaglandine sind eine Gruppe von Gewebshormonen. Sie entstehen durch Cyclooxygenasen (COX 1 und COX 2) und nachfolgenden verschiedenen Prostaglandin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • prostaglandin — /pros teuh glan din/, n. 1. Biochem. any of a class of unsaturated fatty acids that are involved in the contraction of smooth muscle, the control of inflammation and body temperature, and many other physiological functions. 2. Pharm. any… …   Universalium

  • Prostaglandin — A variety of hormone like substances that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, modulation of inflammation …   Medical dictionary

  • prostaglandin — noun /pɹɒstəˈɡlændɪn/ Any of a group of naturally occurring lipids derived from the C acid prostanoic acid; they have a number of physiological functions and may be considered to be hormones. This enzyme generates an inflammatory mediator known… …   Wiktionary

  • prostaglandin — /prɒstəˈglændən/ (say prostuh glanduhn) noun any of a large group of modified fatty acids, widely distributed in animal tissue with a broad range of physiological activity; one of the group, prostaglandin E2, is an important abortifacient.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Prostaglandin — Pro|s|ta|glan|din [lat. prostata (griech. prostátes) = Vorsteher; lat. glandula = Drüse; ↑ in (3)], das; s, e; Abk.: PG: Sammelbez. für körpereigene, meist mehrfach ungesättigte u. durch Hydroxy u. Oxogruppen substituierte Prostansäure Derivate… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Prostaglandin — Prosta|glandi̱n [zu ↑Prostata (in der verdeutlichenden Fügung „prostata glans“)] s; s, e (meist Mehrz.): Gruppe hormonähnlicher Substanzen, die in Samenflüssigkeit, Lunge, Menstruationsblut, Thymus, Pankreas und Niere vorkommen. Sie wirken… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”