noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1821 a condition in which air or other gas is present in the pleural cavity and which occurs spontaneously as a result of disease or injury of lung tissue, rupture of air-filled pulmonary cysts, or puncture of the chest wall or is induced as a therapeutic measure to collapse the lung

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Pneumothorax — Classification and external resources Right sided spontaneous pneumothorax (left in the image). An arrow indicating the edge of the collapsed lung. ICD 10 J …   Wikipedia

  • pneumothorax — [ pnømotɔraks ] n. m. • 1803; de pneumo , pour pneumato , et thorax 1 ♦ Méd. Épanchement de gaz dans la cavité pleurale, généralement par perforation de la plèvre en communication avec le poumon. 2 ♦ (1911) Méd. Pneumothorax (artificiel) :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pneumothorax — 1821, from Fr. pneumothorax (1803); from Gk. pneumon (see PNEUMONIA (Cf. pneumonia)) + THORAX (Cf. thorax) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pneumothorax — Pneu mo*tho rax, n. [Gr. ? air + E. thorax.] (Med.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; called also {pneumatothorax}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pneumothōrax — Pneumothōrax, Luftaustritt in den Brustfellsack, gewöhnlich in Folge von Durchbohrungen des die Lunge überkleidenden Theils des Brustfells od. eines Bronchus u. zwar zumeist durch Tuberkelgeschwüre, aber auch durch Lungenbrand, od. vom Magen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pneumothorax — (Pneumatothorax, griech.), Luftansammlung im Brustfellraum. Die Luft gelangt dahin entweder von außen durch Brustwunden oder häufiger von innen durch Lungenzerreißung, indem ein Luftröhrenzweig und das Lungenfell zerrissen wird. Die Lunge zieht… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • pneumothorax — [no͞o΄mō thôr′aks΄, nyo͞o΄mō thôr′aks] n. [ModL: see PNEUMO & THORAX] the presence of air or gas in a pleural cavity, esp. as a result of perforation or rupture of the lung tissue …   English World dictionary

  • Pneumothorax — En médecine (pneumologie), le pneumothorax est un cas d urgence médicale consistant en un épanchement d air dans la cavité pleurale (accollement de la plèvre pariétale et viscérale, on parle de séreuse, elles tapissent respectivement la cage… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pneumothorax — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 J93.0 Spontaner Spannungspneumothorax J93.1 Sonstiger Spontanpneumothorax J93.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pneumothorax — /nooh meuh thawr aks, thohr , nyooh /, n. Pathol. the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity. [1815 25; < NL; see PNEUMO , THORAX] * * * ▪ pathology       condition in which air accumulates in the pleural space, causing it to expand and… …   Universalium

  • pneumothorax — The presence of free air or gas in the pleural cavity. [G. pneuma, air, + thorax] artificial p. p. produced by the injection of air, or a more slowly absorbed gas such as nitrogen, into the pleural space; formerly used for collapse therapy of… …   Medical dictionary

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