pleurisy
noun Etymology: Middle English pleuresi, from Anglo-French pleuresie, from Late Latin pleurisis, alteration of Latin pleuritis, from Greek, from pleura side Date: 14th century inflammation of the pleura that is typically characterized by sudden onset, painful and difficult respiration, and exudation of fluid or fibrinous material into the pleural cavity • pleuritic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pleurisy — Pleu ri*sy, n. [F. pleur[ e]sie, L. pleurisis, pleuritis, Gr pleyri^tis (sc. no sos), fr. pleyra rib, side.] (Med.) An inflammation of the pleura, usually accompanied with fever, pain, difficult respiration, and cough, and with exudation into the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pleurisy — late 14c., from O.Fr. pleurisie (13c.), from L.L. pleurisis pleurisy (c.400), alt. of L. pleuritis pain in the side, from Gk. pleuritis, from pleura side of the body, rib, of unknown origin. Spelling altered in Late Latin on model of L. stem plur …   Etymology dictionary

  • pleurisy — ► NOUN ▪ inflammation of the pleurae, causing pain during breathing. DERIVATIVES pleuritic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • pleurisy — [ploor′ə sē] n. [ME pleresye < MFr pleurisie < LL pleurisis, for L pleuritis < Gr < pleura, rib, side] inflammation of the pleura, characterized by difficult, painful breathing and often accompanied by the exudation of liquid into the …   English World dictionary

  • Pleurisy — ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D010998 Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs. Pleurisy has a variety of infectious and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleurisy — Inflammation of the pleura, the linings surrounding the lungs. There are two layers of pleura; one covering the lung and the other covering the inner wall of the chest. These two layers are lubricated by pleural fluid. Pleurisy is frequently… …   Medical dictionary

  • pleurisy — pleuritic /ploo rit ik/, adj. /ploor euh see/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the pleura, with or without a liquid effusion in the pleural cavity, characterized by a dry cough and pain in the affected side. [1350 1400; ME pluresy < OF pleurisie < LL… …   Universalium

  • pleurisy —    An inflammation of the serous membranes that both surround the lungs and line the inside of the chest cavity; the two membranes supply fluid lubrication between the expanding and contracting lungs and the body. Most pleurisy (and usually the… …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • pleurisy — Synonyms and related words: Asiatic flu, Hong Kong flu, acute bronchitis, adenoiditis, aluminosis, amygdalitis, anthracosilicosis, anthracosis, asbestosis, asthma, atypical pneumonia, bituminosis, black lung, bronchial pneumonia, bronchiectasis,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • pleurisy — [14] Greek pleurá, a word of unknown origin, denoted ‘side’ or ‘rib’. It came to be used as an anatomical term for the ‘inner lining of the chest, containing the lungs’, and the derivative pleurítis ‘inflammation of the chest lining’ was coined… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • pleurisy — [[t]plʊ͟ərɪsi[/t]] N SING Pleurisy is a serious illness in which a person s lungs are sore and breathing is difficult …   English dictionary

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