noun Etymology: plasma + 2-id Date: 1952 an extrachromosomal ring of DNA especially of bacteria that replicates autonomously

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plasmid — Plas mid, n. (Molecular genetics) A piece of DNA, usually circular, functioning as part of the genetic material of a cell, not integrated with the chromosome and replicating independently of the chromosome, but transferred, like the chromosome,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plasmid — plasmid. См. плазмида. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Plasmid — Plasmid, außerhalb des Bakterienchromosoms bei Protocyten in Ein oder Mehrzahl im Cytoplasma liegendes kleines, ringförmiges DNA Molekül, das ebenfalls genetische Information enthält und sich autonom repliziert. Ein P. kann z.B. Resistenzgene… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • plasmid — 1952, from PLASMA (Cf. plasma) + id …   Etymology dictionary

  • plasmid — [plaz′mid] n. [ PLASM(A) + ID] a small, DNA containing, self reproducing cytoplasmic element that exists outside the chromosome, as in some bacteria: because it can alter a hereditary characteristic when introduced into another bacterium, it is… …   English World dictionary

  • Plasmid — Figure 1: Illustration of a bacterium with plasmid enclosed showing chromosomal DNA and plasmids. In microbiology and genetics, a plasmid is a DNA molecule that is separate from, and can replicate independently of, the chromosomal DNA …   Wikipedia

  • Plasmid — Abb. 1: Schematische Darstellung eines Bakteriums mit chromosomaler DNA (1) und Plasmiden (2) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • plasmid — /plaz mid/, n. Microbiol. a segment of DNA independent of the chromosomes and capable of replication, occurring in bacteria and yeast: used in recombinant DNA procedures to transfer genetic material from one cell to another. [1950 55; PLASM +… …   Universalium

  • Plasmid — A self replicating (autonomous) circle of DNA distinct from the chromosomal genome of bacteria. A plasmid contains genes normally not essential for cell growth or survival. Some plasmids can integrate into the host genome, be artificially… …   Medical dictionary

  • plasmid — (plaz mid) A double stranded DNA molecule that can exist and replicate independently of the chromosome or may be integrated with it. A plasmid is stably inherited, but is not required for the host cell s growth and reproduction …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • plasmid — plazmidė statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Organizmo paveldimumo veiksniai, esantys ląstelės citoplazmoje ir peduodantys genetinę informaciją ne per chromosomas. Turi žiedo pavidalo dvispiralę deoksiribonukleino rūgšties… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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