phoneme
noun Etymology: French phonème, from Greek phōnēmat-, phōnēma speech sound, utterance, from phōnein to sound Date: 1896 any of the abstract units of the phonetic system of a language that correspond to a set of similar speech sounds (as the velar \k\ of cool and the palatal \k\ of keel) which are perceived to be a single distinctive sound in the language

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phoneme — Phonème En phonologie, domaine de la linguistique, un phonème est la plus petite unité discrète ou distinctive (c est à dire permettant de distinguer des mots les uns des autres) que l on puisse isoler par segmentation dans la chaîne parlée. Un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • phonème — [ fɔnɛm ] n. m. • 1873; gr. phônêma « son de voix » 1 ♦ Ling. La plus petite unité de langage parlé, dont la fonction est de constituer les signifiants et de les distinguer entre eux. Phonème vocalique, consonantique. Phonème oral, nasal, sourd,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • phoneme — [fō′nēm΄] n. [Fr phonème < Gr phōnēma, a sound < phōnein, to sound < phōnē, a voice: see PHONO ] Linguis. a set of phonetically similar but slightly differing sounds in a language that are heard as the same sound by native speakers and… …   English World dictionary

  • phoneme — distinctive sound or group of sounds, 1896, from Gk. phonema a sound, from phonein to sound or speak, from phone sound, voice, from PIE root *bha (2) speak (see FAME (Cf. fame)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • phoneme — ► NOUN Phonetics ▪ any of the distinct units of sound that distinguish one word from another, e.g. p, b, d, and t in pad, pat, bad, and bat. ORIGIN Greek ph n ma sound, speech , from ph nein speak …   English terms dictionary

  • Phonème — En phonologie, domaine de la linguistique, un phonème est la plus petite unité discrète ou distinctive (c est à dire permettant de distinguer des mots les uns des autres) que l on puisse isoler par segmentation dans la chaîne parlée. Un phonème… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phoneme — Ein Phonem (selten: Fonem) ist die abstrakte Klasse[1] aller Laute (Phone), die in einer gesprochenen Sprache die gleiche bedeutungsunterscheidende (distinktive) Funktion haben. Beispiel: Das gerollte und das nicht gerollte r sind zwei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phoneme — This article is about the speech unit. For the JavaME library, see phoneME. In a language or dialect, a phoneme (from the Greek: φώνημα, phōnēma, a sound uttered ) is the smallest segmental unit of sound employed to form meaningful contrasts… …   Wikipedia

  • phoneme — /foh neem/, n. Ling. any of a small set of units, usually about 20 to 60 in number, and different for each language, considered to be the basic distinctive units of speech sound by which morphemes, words, and sentences are represented. They are… …   Universalium

  • PhoneME — The phoneME project is Sun Microsystems reference implementation of Java virtual machine and associated libraries of Java ME with source, licensed under the GNU General Public License.The phoneME library includes implementations of Connected… …   Wikipedia

  • phoneme — n. (ling.) an independent, separate phoneme * * * separate phoneme phooey interjection (expresses disgust) phoneme on! (ling.) an independent …   Combinatory dictionary

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