philosophy
noun (plural -phies) Etymology: Middle English philosophie, from Anglo-French, from Latin philosophia, from Greek, from philosophos philosopher Date: 14th century 1. a. (1) all learning exclusive of technical precepts and practical arts (2) the sciences and liberal arts exclusive of medicine, law, and theology <
a doctor of philosophy
>
(3) the 4-year college course of a major seminary b. (1) archaic physical science (2) ethics c. a discipline comprising as its core logic, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology 2. a. pursuit of wisdom b. a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means c. an analysis of the grounds of and concepts expressing fundamental beliefs 3. a. a system of philosophical concepts b. a theory underlying or regarding a sphere of activity or thought <
the philosophy of war
>
<
philosophy of science
>
4. a. the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group b. calmness of temper and judgment befitting a philosopher

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • philosophy — (Gk., love of knowledge or wisdom) The study of the most general and abstract features of the world and categories with which we think: mind, matter, reason, proof, truth, etc. In philosophy, the concepts with which we approach the world… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Philosophy — • Detailed article on the history of the love of wisdom Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Philosophy     Philosophy     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • philosophy —    Philosophy (from the Greek philo (love) and sophia (wisdom)) in British culture has undergone a series of revolutionary changes since 1960. Until recently, English language philosophy was dominated by analytic and linguistic philosophy based… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Philosophy — Phi*los o*phy (f[i^]*l[o^]s [ o]*f[y^]), n.; pl. {Philosophies} (f[i^]*l[o^]s [ o]*f[i^]z). [OE. philosophie, F. philosophie, L. philosophia, from Gr. filosofi a. See {Philosopher}.] 1. Literally, the love of, inducing the search after, wisdom;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • philosophy —    Philosophy in the early years of the twentieth century was heavily influenced by two different traditions. On the one hand, there was the legacy of the Europeanizing movement known as Krausism, a kind of secular humanism with a religious tinge …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • philosophy — [fi läs′ə fē] n. pl. philosophies [ME philosophie < OFr < L philosophia < Gr < philosophos: see PHILOSOPHER] 1. Archaic love of, or the search for, wisdom or knowledge 2. theory or logical analysis of the principles underlying conduct …   English World dictionary

  • philosophy — c.1300, from O.Fr. filosofie (12c.), from L. philosophia, from Gk. philosophia love of knowledge, wisdom, from philo loving (see PHILO (Cf. philo )) + sophia knowledge, wisdom, from sophis wise, learned; of unknown origin. Nec quicquam aliud est… …   Etymology dictionary

  • philosophy — index doctrine, posture (attitude), principle (axiom), theory Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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  • philosophy — ► NOUN (pl. philosophies) 1) the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. 2) the theories of a particular philosopher. 3) a theory or attitude that guides one s behaviour. 4) the study of the theoretical basis of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Philosophy — For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

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