phenol
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary phen- + 3-ol Date: circa 1852 1. a corrosive poisonous crystalline acidic compound C6H5OH present in the tars of coal and wood that in dilute solution is used as a disinfectant 2. any of various acidic compounds analogous to phenol and regarded as hydroxyl derivatives of aromatic hydrocarbons

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • phénol — [ fenɔl ] n. m. • 1843; de phén(o) et ol ♦ Corps composé (C6H5OH), solide cristallisé blanc, soluble dans l eau, corrosif et toxique, à odeur caractéristique, qu on obtient par distillation du goudron de houille ou par synthèse à partir du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Phenol — Phe nol, n. [Gr. ? to show + ol: cf. F. ph[ e]nol.] (Chem.) 1. A white or pinkish crystalline substance, {C6H5OH}, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phenol — Phénol Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Phénol peut correspondre à : Les phénols : molécules aromatiques portant une fonction hydroxyle directement liée à un carbone du cycle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • phenol — [fē′nōl΄, fē′nôl΄, fē′näl΄] n. [ PHEN + OL1] 1. a white crystalline compound, C6H5OH, produced from coal tar or by the hydrolysis of chlorobenzene, and used in making explosives, synthetic resins, etc.: it is a strong, corrosive poison with a… …   English World dictionary

  • Phenol — Phenol, so v.w. Phenylsäure …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Phenōl — (Monoxybenzol, Benzophenol, Phenylalkohol, Phenylsäure, Karbolsäure, Steinkohlenkreosot) C6H6O oder C6H5.OH findet sich in sehr geringer Menge im Harn und Kot des Menschen und der Grasfresser, auch im Bibergeil, entsteht bei zahlreichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Phenol — Phenōl, das als Karbolsäure (s.d.) bekannte Monoxybenzol (s. Phenole), liefert mit Salpetersäure Nitrophenole, die sich zu Amidophenolen reduzieren lassen; mit starker Salpetersäure entsteht Pikrinsäure, mit Bromwasser ein weißer Niederschlag von …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • phenol — carbolic acid, 1845, from pheno , comb. form of PHENE (Cf. phene), + OL (Cf. ol). Discovered in coal tar in 1834; used as an antiseptic from 1867. Related: Phenolic …   Etymology dictionary

  • phenol — ► NOUN Chemistry 1) a toxic white crystalline solid obtained from coal tar. Also called CARBOLIC ACID(Cf. ↑carbolic acid). 2) any compound with a hydroxyl group linked directly to a benzene ring. DERIVATIVES phenolic adjective. ORIGIN from French …   English terms dictionary

  • Phenol — This article is about the molecule. For the class of chemicals containing a phenol group, see Phenols. Phenol …   Wikipedia

  • phenol — phenolic /fi noh lik, nol ik/, adj. /fee nawl, nol/, n. Chem. 1. Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water soluble, poisonous mass, C6H5OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative… …   Universalium

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