penalty
noun (plural -ties) Etymology: Middle English penalte, from Middle French penalité, from Medieval Latin poenalitas, from Latin poenalis Date: 15th century 1. the suffering in person, rights, or property that is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime or public offense 2. the suffering or the sum to be forfeited to which a person agrees to be subjected in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations 3. a. disadvantage, loss, or hardship due to some action b. a disadvantage (as loss of yardage, time, or possession of the ball or an addition to or subtraction from the score) imposed on a team or competitor for violation of the rules of a sport 4. points scored in bridge by the side that defeats the opposing contract — usually used in plural • penalty adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • penalty — [ penalti ] n. m. • 1898; mot angl. « pénalisation », même rac. que pénal ♦ Sport Faute grave commise par un footballeur dans la surface de réparation de son camp. L arbitre a sifflé le penalty. Il y a penalty. ♢ Coup de pied tiré de l intérieur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penalty — pen·al·ty / pen əl tē/ n pl ties 1: a punishment that is imposed on a wrongdoer by statute or judicial decision 2: a pecuniary sum that by agreement is to be paid by a party who fails to fulfill an obligation to another and that is punitive… …   Law dictionary

  • penalty — pen‧al‧ty [ˈpenlti] noun penalties PLURALFORM [countable] 1. a punishment for breaking a law or rule: penalty for • There will be increased penalties for dumping oil at sea. • The offence carries a maximum …   Financial and business terms

  • Penalty — Pe nal*ty, n.; pl. {Penalties}. [F. p[ e]nalit[ e]. See {Penal}.] 1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Penalty — [ˈpɛnl̩tɪ] (engl.: Strafe, Sanktion) bezeichnet im deutschen Sprachraum meistens den mit dem Fuß zu tretenden Strafstoß im Fußball und Rugby. einen Strafschuss bei verschiedenen Hockeyarten, siehe Penalty (Eishockey). den Strafwurf beim Kanupolo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penalty — o penalti (del ingl. «penalty»; pl. «penaltys» o «penaltis») m. En fútbol y otros deportes, máxima sanción que consiste en permitir que un jugador solo ante el portero del equipo contrario tire directamente a gol, como castigo a este equipo por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • penalty — ► NOUN (pl. penalties) 1) a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract. 2) something unpleasant suffered as a result of an action or circumstance: feeling cold is one of the penalties of old age. 3) a penalty kick or shot. ● under… …   English terms dictionary

  • penalty — pénalty (angl.) / penálti ( nal ti) s. n., art. pénalty ul / penáltiul ( ti ul); pl. pénalty uri / penáltiuri Trimis de gall, 20.02.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • penalty — penalty, casarse de penalty ► casarse, ► casarse de penalty …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

  • penalty — {{hw}}{{penalty}}{{/hw}}(sport) Nel calcio, calcio di rigore …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • penalty — / pɛnlti/, it. / pɛnalti/ s. ingl. [der. del lat. poenalis penale ], usato in ital. al femm. o al masch. (sport.) [nel calcio, tiro contro la porta avversaria concesso alla squadra che abbia subito un grave fallo in area di rigore] ▶◀ (calcio di) …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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