oxidation state

oxidation state
noun Date: 1942 a positive or negative number that represents the effective charge of an atom or element and that indicates the extent or possibility of its oxidation <
the usual oxidation state of sodium is +1 and of oxygen -2
— called also oxidation number

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oxidation state — Not to be confused with Oxidation number. In chemistry, the oxidation state is an indicator of the degree of oxidation of an atom in a chemical compound. The formal oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds… …   Wikipedia

  • oxidation state — noun the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is 2 • Syn: ↑oxidation number • Hypernyms: ↑number * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • oxidation state — Chem. the state of an element or ion in a compound with regard to the electrons gained or lost by the element or ion in the reaction that formed the compound, expressed as a positive or negative number indicating the ionic charge of the element… …   Universalium

  • oxidation state — noun the state of an atom having a particular oxidation number …   Wiktionary

  • oxidation state — see under number …   Medical dictionary

  • oxidation–reduction reaction — ▪ chemical reaction Introduction also called  redox reaction        any chemical reaction in which the oxidation number of a participating chemical species changes. The term covers a large and diverse body of processes. Many oxidation– reduction… …   Universalium

  • Oxidation number — Not to be confused with oxidation state. Oxidation numbers of carbon and hydrogen in ethane In coordination chemistry, the oxidation number of a central atom in a coordination compound is the charge that it would have if all the ligands were… …   Wikipedia

  • oxidation number — ▪ chemistry also called  Oxidation State,        the total number of electrons (electron) that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond (chemical bonding) with another atom.       Each atom that participates in an oxidation… …   Universalium

  • Oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic acids — The oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic acids is an important oxidation reaction in organic chemistry. When a primary alcohol is converted to a carboxylic acid, the terminal carbon atom increases its oxidation state by four. Oxidants able …   Wikipedia

  • oxidation number — a number assigned to each atom in a molecule or ion that represents the number of electrons theoretically gained (positive oxidation numbers) or lost (negative numbers) in converting the atom to the elemental form. Oxidation numbers are assigned… …   Medical dictionary

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