noun Etymology: Middle English, partly from Old English organa, from Latin organum, from Greek organon, literally, tool, instrument; partly from Anglo-French organe, from Latin organum; akin to Greek ergon work — more at work Date: before 12th century 1. a. archaic any of various musical instruments; especially wind instrument b. (1) a keyboard instrument in which sets of pipes are sounded by compressed air and produce a variety of timbres — called also pipe organ (2) reed organ (3) an electronic keyboard instrument that approximates the sounds and resources of the pipe organ (4) any of various similar cruder instruments 2. a. a differentiated structure (as a heart, kidney, leaf, or stem) consisting of cells and tissues and performing some specific function in an organism b. bodily parts performing a function or cooperating in an activity <
the eyes and related structures that make up the visual organs
3. a subordinate group or organization that performs specialized functions <
the various organs of government
4. periodical

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Organ — Sn std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. organum Werkzeug, Instrument , dieses aus gr. órganon, einer ablautenden Bildung zu gr. érgon (Energie). Die heutigen Bedeutungen gehen im wesentlichen von der Grundbedeutung eines Elements mit… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • organ — [ôr′gən] n. [ME organe < OE organa & OFr organe, both < L organum, tool, implement (in LL(Ec), a church organ) < Gr organon, an implement, engine < ergon,WORK] 1. a) a large wind instrument consisting of various sets of pipes which,… …   English World dictionary

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