nucleic acid

nucleic acid
noun Etymology: from their occurrence in cell nuclei Date: 1892 any of various complex organic acids (as DNA or RNA) that are composed of nucleotide chains

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nucleic acid — Nucleic acids are biological molecules essential for life, and include DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Together with proteins, nucleic acids make up the most important macromolecules; each is found in abundance in all… …   Wikipedia

  • nucleic acid — u*cle ic ac id (n[=oo]*kl[=a] [i^]k [a^]s [i^]d or n[=oo]*kl[=e] [i^]k), n. (Chem., Biochem., Genetics) A natural or synthetic polymer consisting of chains of ribonucleotide or deoxyribonucleotide units. Note: The nucleic acids are vital… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nucleic acid — [no͞o klē′ik, nyo͞oklē′ik; no͞oklā′ik, nyo͞oklā′ik] n. any of a group of essential complex organic acids found in all living cells: the two types are DNA and RNA and consist of long chains of nucleotide units with each unit composed of phosphoric …   English World dictionary

  • nucleic acid — nucleic acid. См. полинуклеотид. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • nucleic acid — ► NOUN Biochemistry ▪ a complex organic substance, especially DNA or RNA, whose molecules consist of long chains of nucleotides …   English terms dictionary

  • nucleic acid — /nooh klee ik, klay , nyooh /, Biochem. any of a group of long, linear macromolecules, either DNA or various types of RNA, that carry genetic information directing all cellular functions: composed of linked nucleotides. [1890 95; NUCLE(US) + IC;… …   Universalium

  • Nucleic acid — One of the molecules in the chromosomes of living cells and viruses that plays a central role in the storage and replication of hereditary information and in the expression of this information through protein synthesis. The two chief types of… …   Medical dictionary

  • nucleic acid — UK [njuːˌkliːɪk ˈæsɪd] / US [njuˌklɪɪk ˈæsɪd] / US [njuˌkleɪɪk ˈæsɪd] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms nucleic acid : singular nucleic acid plural nucleic acids biology an acid such as DNA or RNA that is found in the cells of all living… …   English dictionary

  • nucleic acid — nukleorūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Biopolimeras, susidedantis iš nukleotidų. atitikmenys: angl. nucleic acid rus. нуклеиновая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – nukleino rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • nucleic acid — [[t]njuːkle͟ɪɪk æ̱sɪd, AM nu͟ː [/t]] nucleic acids N MASS Nucleic acids are complex chemical substances, such as DNA, which are found in living cells. [TECHNICAL] …   English dictionary

  • nucleic acid — /njuˌkliɪk ˈæsəd/ (say nyooh.kleeik asuhd), /njuˌkleɪɪk/ (say nyooh.klayik) noun any polynucleotide of high molecular weight, occurring in all living cells and viruses. There are two main types, ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid.… …   Australian English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”