noun Date: 1961 a substance (as norepinephrine or acetylcholine) that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Neurotransmitter — sind endogene, biochemische Botenstoffe, welche die Information von einer Nervenzelle zur anderen über die Kontaktstelle der Nervenzellen, der Synapse, weitergeben. In die Synapse einlaufende elektrische Impulse (Aktionspotentiale) veranlassen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neurotransmitter — ⇒ Transmitter …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • neurotransmitter — (n.) 1961, from NEURO (Cf. neuro ) + TRANSMITTER (Cf. transmitter) …   Etymology dictionary

  • neurotransmitter — ► NOUN Physiology ▪ a chemical substance released from a nerve fibre and bringing about the transfer of an impulse to another nerve, muscle, etc. DERIVATIVES neurotransmission noun …   English terms dictionary

  • neurotransmitter — [noor΄ō trans′mit΄ər, nyoor΄ō trans′mit΄ər; noor΄ō tranz′mit΄ər, nyoor΄ōtranz′mit΄ər] n. a biochemical substance, as acetylcholine or norepinephrine, that transmits or inhibits nerve impulses at a synapse …   English World dictionary

  • Neurotransmitter — For an introduction to concepts and terminology used in this article, see Chemical synapse. Structure of a typical chemical synapse Postsynaptic density Voltage gated Ca++ c …   Wikipedia

  • Neurotransmitter — nervale Überträgerstoffe * * * Neu|ro|trans|mit|ter 〈m. 3; Med.〉 Substanz, die an den Synapsen die Erregungsübertragung bewerkstelligt; Sy Transmitter (2) [<grch. neuron „Nerv“ + lat. transmittere „hinüberschicken“] * * * Neu|ro|trans|mịt|ter …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Neurotransmitter —    Neurotransmitters are the chemicals involved in communication between nerve cells ( neurons ). Substances released from the end bulb of an upstream ( presynaptic ) neuron into the synaptic space in order to excite or inhibit the downstream (… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Neurotransmitter — A chemical that is released from a nerve cell which thereby transmits an impulse from a nerve cell to another nerve, muscle, organ, or other tissue. A neurotransmitter is a messenger of neurologic information from one cell to another. * * * Any… …   Medical dictionary

  • neurotransmitter — /noor oh trans mit euhr, tranz , nyoor /, n. any of several chemical substances, as epinephrine or acetylcholine, that transmit nerve impulses across a synapse to a postsynaptic element, as another nerve, muscle, or gland. [1960 65; NEURO +… …   Universalium

  • neurotransmitter — n. a chemical substance released from nerve endings to transmit impulses across synapses to other nerves and across the minute gaps between the nerves and the muscles or glands that they supply. Outside the central nervous system the chief… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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