neuron
noun Etymology: New Latin neuron, from Greek, nerve, sinew — more at nerve Date: 1891 a grayish or reddish granular cell with specialized processes that is the fundamental functional unit of nervous tissue • neuronal also neuronic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • neuron — NEURÓN, neuroni, s.m. Element structural şi funcţional de bază al sistemului nervos compus dintr un corp celular protoplasmatic, care conţine un nucleu, şi din prelungiri protoplasmatice; neurocit. [pr.: ne u ] – Din fr. neurone. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • neuron — (n.) a nerve cell with appendages, 1891, from Ger. Neuron, from Gk. neuron (see NEURO (Cf. neuro )). Used earlier (1884) for the spinal cord and brain …   Etymology dictionary

  • neuron — UK [ˈnjʊərɒn] / US [ˈnʊˌrɑn] or neurone UK / US noun [countable] Word forms neuron : singular neuron plural neurons Word forms neurone : singular neurone plural neurones medical a cell that sends messages to your brain and receives messages from… …   English dictionary

  • neuron — (also neurone) ► NOUN ▪ a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses. DERIVATIVES neuronal adjective. USAGE In scientific sources the standard spelling is neuron. The spelling neurone is found only in non technical sources. ORIGIN Greek neuron …   English terms dictionary

  • neuron — neùrōn m <G neuróna> DEFINICIJA anat. živčana stanica ETIMOLOGIJA grč. neȗron …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • neuron — [noo′rōn΄, nyo͞o′rōn΄noor′än΄, nyoor′än] n. [ModL < Gr neuron, NERVE] the structural and functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the nerve cell body and all its processes, including an axon and one or more dendrites: also neurone… …   English World dictionary

  • Neuron — Neu ron, n.; pl. {Neura}. [NL., from Gr. ney^ron nerve.] (Anat.) 1. The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro spinal axis; myelencephalon. [obsolete] B. G. Wilder. [1913 Webster] 2. (Cell Biology) The characteristic specialized cell that is part of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neuron — neuron. См. нервная клетка. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Neuron — (v. gr.), Nerv. Neuronŏsos, Nervenkrankheit. Neuropăthie, Nervenleiden …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Neurōn — (griech), nach Waldeyer Bezeichnung der unser Nervensystem bildenden Einheiten. Der N. besteht aus der Ganglienzelle, ihren Cytoplasmafortsätzen (Dendriten) und dem Achsenzylinderfortsatz (Neuriten). Jeder Achsenzylinder gehört einem N. zu. Die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Neuron — Neurōn (grch.), Nerv; nach Waldeyer die zuerst von Forel aufgestellte anatom. und physiol. Einheit des Nervensystems, bestehend aus Nervenzelle, zugehöriger Nervenfaser und deren Endverästelungen [Tafel: Nervensystem II, 15 u. 16.]. Die einzelnen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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