transitive verb (-gated; -gating) Etymology: Middle English, from Latin mitigatus, past participle of mitigare to soften, from mitis soft + -igare (akin to Latin agere to drive); akin to Old Irish moíth soft — more at agent Date: 15th century 1. to cause to become less harsh or hostile ; mollify <
aggressiveness may be mitigated or…channeled — Ashley Montagu
2. a. to make less severe or painful ; alleviate b. extenuate Synonyms: see relievemitigation nounmitigative adjectivemitigator nounmitigatory adjective Usage: Mitigate is sometimes used as an intransitive (followed by against) where militate might be expected. Even though Faulkner used it <
some intangible and invisible social force that mitigates against him — William Faulkner
and one critic thinks it should be called an American idiom, it is usually considered a mistake.

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • mitigate — mit·i·gate / mi tə ˌgāt/ vb gat·ed, gat·ing vt: to lessen or minimize the severity of what actions the State took to mitigate the hazardous conditions Estate of Arrowwood v. State, 894 P.2d 642 (1995) factors that mitigate the crime see also… …   Law dictionary

  • mitigate — UK US /ˈmɪtɪgeɪt/ verb [T] FORMAL ► to make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad: »technologies that can mitigate global warming mitigate damage/risk »The company was criticized for failing to mitigate risks at the plant. mitigate the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Mitigate — Mit i*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Mitigated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Mitigating}.] [L. mitigatus, p. p. of mitigare to soften, mitigate; mitis mild, soft + the root of agere to do, drive.] 1. To make less severe, intense, harsh, rigorous, painful, etc.; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mitigate — ► VERB 1) make less severe, serious, or painful. 2) (mitigating) (of a fact or circumstance) lessening the gravity or culpability of an action. DERIVATIVES mitigation noun. USAGE The words mitigate and militate are often confused …   English terms dictionary

  • mitigate — (v.) early 15c., relieve (pain), from L. mitigatus, pp. of mitigare soften, make tender, ripen, mellow, tame, figuratively, make mild or gentle, pacify, soothe, ultimately from mitis gentle, soft (from PIE *mei mild ) + root of agere do, make,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mitigate — allay, *relieve, alleviate, lighten, assuage Analogous words: temper, *moderate: abate, reduce, lessen, diminish, *decrease: *palliate, extenuate Antonyms: intensify Contrasted words: aggravate, heighten, enhance (see INTENSIFY): * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • mitigate — [v] check, diminish, lighten abate, allay, alleviate, appease, assuage, blunt, calm, come together, cool*, dull, ease, extenuate, lessen, meet halfway*, moderate, modify, mollify, pacify, palliate, placate, quiet, reduce, relieve, remit, soften,… …   New thesaurus

  • mitigate — [mit′ə gāt΄] vt., vi. mitigated, mitigating [ME mitigaten < L mitigatus, pp. of mitigare, to make mild, soft, or tender < mitis, soft (see MIGNON) + agere, to drive: see ACT1] 1. to make or become milder, less severe, less rigorous, or less …   English World dictionary

  • mitigate — militate, mitigate The two words are sometimes confused (usually mitigate is used for militate) because both meanings are connected with having a reducing effect and their forms and rhythm are close. Mitigate is transitive (i.e. it takes an… …   Modern English usage

  • mitigate — mitigable /mit i geuh beuhl/, adj. mitigatedly, adv. mitigation, n. mitigative, mitigatory /mit i geuh tawr ee, tohr ee/, adj. mitigator, n. /mit i gayt /, v., mitigated, mitigating. v.t …   Universalium

  • mitigate — v. (pompous) (d; intr.) to mitigate against ( to make difficult ) USAGE NOTE: Many consider the use of mitigate in place of militate to be substandard. * * * [ mɪtɪgeɪt] (pompous) (d; intr.) to mitigate against (USAGE NOTE: Many consider the use… …   Combinatory dictionary

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