noun Etymology: German Atropin, from New Latin Atropa, genus name of belladonna, from Greek Atropos, one of the three Fates Date: 1836 a racemic mixture of hyoscyamine obtained from any of various solanaceous plants (as belladonna) and used especially in the form of its sulfate for its anticholinergic effects (as pupil dilation or inhibition of smooth muscle spasms)

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atropine — Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

  • Atropine — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ATROPINE — Substance cristalline, toxique, appartenant à la classe des alcaloïdes. On l’obtient à partir de la L hyociamine qui est un composant de plantes de la famille des Solanaceae telles que la belladone (Atropa ), la jusquiame et le datura. Elle est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Atropine — At ro*pine, n. [Gr. ? inflexible; hence ? ?, one of the three Parc[ae]; a priv. + ? to turn.] (Chem.) A poisonous, white, crystallizable alkaloid, extracted from the {Atropa belladonna}, or deadly nightshade, and the {Datura Stramonium}, or thorn …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • atropine — 1836, from L. atropa deadly nightshade (from which the alkaloid poison is extracted), from Gk. atropos inflexible, also the name of one of the Fates (see ATROPOS (Cf. Atropos)) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2) …   Etymology dictionary

  • atropine — [at′rəpin΄at′rə pēn΄, at′rəpin΄] n. [< ModL Atropa, genus name of belladonna < Gr Atropos (see ATROPOS) + INE3] a poisonous, crystalline alkaloid, C17H23NO3, obtained from belladonna and similar plants: used to relieve spasms and dilate the …   English World dictionary

  • atropine — /a treuh peen , pin/, n. Pharm. a poisonous crystalline alkaloid, C17H23NO3, obtained from belladonna and other plants of the nightshade family, that prevents the response of various body structures to certain types of nerve stimulation: used… …   Universalium

  • Atropine — A drug obtained from belladonna that is administered via injection, eye drops, or in oral form to relax muscles by inhibiting nerve responses. Used to dilate the pupils and as an antispasmodic. From the Greek goddess Atropos, the oldest and… …   Medical dictionary

  • atropine — n. an antimuscarinic drug that occurs in deadly nightshade (see belladonna). Because it dilates the pupil and paralyses the ciliary muscle (see cycloplegia, mydriatic), atropine is used in eye examinations and the treatment of anterior uveitis.… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • atropine — atropinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Alkaloidas. formulė C₁₇H₂₃NO₃ atitikmenys: angl. atropine rus. атропин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”