mercerize
transitive verb (-ized; -izing) Etymology: John Mercer died 1866 English calico printer Date: 1852 to give (as cotton yarn) luster, strength, and receptiveness to dyes by treatment under tension with caustic soda • mercerization noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mercerize — Mer cer*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. { ized}; p. pr. & vb. n. { izing}.] [From (John) Mercer (1791 1866), an English calico printer who introduced the process + ize.] To treat (cotton fiber or fabrics) with a solution of caustic alkali. Such… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mercerize — (Amer.) mer·cer·ize || mÉœrsÉ™raɪz / mɜːs v. (Textile) chemically treat fibers to strengthen them and improve their luster and color qualities (also mercerise) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mercerize — [mʉr′sər īz΄] vt. mercerized, mercerizing [after J. Mercer (1791 1866), Eng calico dealer] to treat (cotton thread or fabric) under tension with a caustic soda solution in order to strengthen it, give it a silky luster, and make it more receptive …   English World dictionary

  • mercerize — mercerization, n. mercerizer, n. /merr seuh ruyz /, v.t., mercerized, mercerizing. to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye. Also, esp. Brit., mercerise.… …   Universalium

  • mercerize — verb To treat cotton fabric with sodium hydroxide to make it more lustrous and accepting of dyes …   Wiktionary

  • Mercerize —    John Mercer (1791 1866) worked in his father s cotton mill in Lancaster, England, and, through a fellow worker, learned to read and write when he was ten years old. John s primary interest, which had been music, changed to the art of dyeing… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • mercerize — or mercerise verb [often as adjective mercerized] treat (cotton fabric or thread) under tension with caustic alkali to impart strength and lustre. Origin C19: from John Mercer, said to have invented the process, + ize …   English new terms dictionary

  • mercerize — mer·cer·ize …   English syllables

  • mercerize — mer•cer•ize [[t]ˈmɜr səˌraɪz[/t]] v. t. ized, iz•ing tex to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye • Etymology: 1855–60; after John Mercer (1791–1866), English …   From formal English to slang

  • mercerize — v.tr. (also ise) treat (cotton fabric or thread) under tension with caustic alkali to give greater strength and impart lustre. Etymology: J. Mercer, alleged inventor of the process d. 1866 …   Useful english dictionary

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