martingale
noun Etymology: Middle French Date: 1584 1. a device for steadying a horse's head or checking its upward movement that typically consists of a strap fastened to the girth, passing between the forelegs, and bifurcating to end in two rings through which the reins pass 2. a. a lower stay of rope or chain for the jibboom used to sustain the strain of the forestays and fastened to or rove through the dolphin striker b. dolphin striker 3. any of several systems of betting in which a player increases the stake usually by doubling each time a bet is lost

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • martingale — [ martɛ̃gal ] n. f. • 1611; chausses à la martinguale 1491; provenç. martegalo, de Martigues I ♦ 1 ♦ Courroie du harnais du cheval, qui relie la sangle (sous le ventre de l animal) à la partie de la bride qui passe sur le chanfrein. 2 ♦ (1873)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Martingale — can refer to: Martingale (probability theory), a stochastic process in which the conditional expectation of the next value, given the current and preceding values, is the current value Martingale (tack) for horses Martingale (collar) for dogs and …   Wikipedia

  • Martingale — Mar tin*gale, Martingal Mar tin*gal, n. [F. martingale; cf. It. martingala a sort of hose, martingale, Sp. martingala a greave, cuish, martingale, Sp. alm[ a]rtaga a kind of bridle.] 1. A strap fastened to a horse s girth, passing between his… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • martingale — 1580s, from M.Fr. martingale (16c.), of uncertain origin, perhaps from O.Prov. martegalo, fem. of martegal inhabitant of Martigue, making the etymological sense worn in the manner of the people of Martigue; or perhaps from Sp. almartaga, word for …   Etymology dictionary

  • Martingale — (v. fr., spr. Martängal), so v.w. Sprungriemen. M. spielen, in Hazardspielen den verlorenen Satz so lange verdoppeln, bis man durch einen Treffer den Betrag des ersten Satzes als Gewinn erhält; sehr gefährlich, weil man oft eine sehr große Summe… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • martingale — ► NOUN 1) a strap or set of straps running from the noseband or reins to the girth of a horse, used to prevent the horse from raising its head too high. 2) a gambling system that involves a continual doubling of the stakes. ORIGIN French, from an …   English terms dictionary

  • martingale — [mär′t ngal΄märt′ n gāl΄] n. [Fr, prob. < Sp almártaga, a check, rein < Ar] 1. the strap of a horse s harness passing from the noseband to the girth between the forelegs, to keep the horse from rearing or throwing back its head: see HARNESS …   English World dictionary

  • Martingale — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martingale (homonymie). Une martingale est une technique donnant l illusion d augmenter les chances de gain aux jeux de hasard tout en respectant les règles de jeu. Le principe dépend complètement du type de jeu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • martingale — (mar tin ga l ) s. f. 1°   Chausses a la martingale, culottes dont le pont était placé par derrière ; c est le sens ancien et primitif. 2°   Par assimilation au pont de cette ancienne culotte, courroie simple ou bifurquée, qui, attachée par un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Martingale — Pfade von zwei kompensierten zusammengesetzten Poisson Prozessen. Die Int …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MARTINGALE — s. f. T. de Manége. Courroie qui tient par un bout à la sangle sous le ventre du cheval, et par l autre à la muserolle, pour empêcher qu il ne porte au vent et ne donne de la tête. MARTINGALE, en termes de Jeu, Manière de jouer qui consiste à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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