lose
verb (lost; losing) Etymology: Middle English, from Old English losian to perish, lose, from los destruction; akin to Old English lēosan to lose; akin to Old Norse losa to loosen, Latin luere to atone for, Greek lyein to loosen, dissolve, destroy Date: before 12th century transitive verb 1. a. to bring to destruction — used chiefly in passive construction <
the ship was lost on the reef
>
b. damn <
if he shall gain the whole world and lose his own soul — Matthew 16:26 (Authorized Version)
>
2. to miss from one's possession or from a customary or supposed place 3. to suffer deprivation of ; part with especially in an unforeseen or accidental manner 4. a. to suffer loss through the death or removal of or final separation from (a person) b. to fail to keep control of or allegiance of <
lose votes
>
<
lost his temper
>
5. a. to fail to use ; let slip by ; waste <
no time to lose
>
b. (1) to fail to win, gain, or obtain <
lose a prize
>
<
lose a contest
>
(2) to undergo defeat in <
lost every battle
>
c. to fail to catch with the senses or the mind <
lost what she said
>
6. to cause the loss of <
careless statements lost him the election
>
7. to fail to keep, sustain, or maintain <
lost my balance
>
8. a. to cause to miss one's way or bearings <
lost himself in the maze of streets
>
b. to make (oneself) withdrawn from immediate reality <
lost herself in daydreaming
>
9. a. to wander or go astray from <
lost his way
>
b. to draw away from ; outstrip <
lost his pursuers
>
10. to fail to keep in sight or in mind 11. to free oneself from ; get rid of <
dieting to lose weight
>
<
thinks he should lose the toupee
>
12. slang regurgitate, vomit — often used in such phrases as lose one's lunch intransitive verb 1. to undergo deprivation of something of value 2. to undergo defeat <
lose with good grace
>
3. of a timepiece to run slow • losable adjectivelosableness noun

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lose — W1S1 [lu:z] v past tense and past participle lost [lɔst US lo:st] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(stop having attitude/quality etc)¦ 2¦(not win)¦ 3¦(cannot find something)¦ 4¦(stop having something)¦ 5¦(death)¦ 6¦(money)¦ 7 have nothing to lose 8¦(time)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lose — [ luz ] (past tense and past participle lost [ lɔst ] ) verb *** ▸ 1 stop having something ▸ 2 be unable to find ▸ 3 not win ▸ 4 have less than before ▸ 5 when someone dies ▸ 6 no longer see/hear etc. ▸ 7 not have body part ▸ 8 stop having… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lose — [luːz] verb lost PTandPP [lɒst ǁ lɒːst] losing PRESPART [transitive] 1. to stop having something any more, or to have less of it: • The industry has lost 60,000 jobs. • After a boardroom battle, Dixon lost control of the company …   Financial and business terms

  • Lose — (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115) p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z [i^]ng).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le[ o]san, p. p. loren (in comp.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lose — [lo͞oz] vt. lost, losing [ME losen, lesen, merging OE losian, to lose, be lost (< los, LOSS) + leosan, to lose, akin to OHG (vir)liosan, Goth (fra)liusan < IE base * leu , to cut off, separate > Gr lyein, to dissolve; L luere, to loose,… …   English World dictionary

  • lose — ► VERB (past and past part. lost) 1) be deprived of or cease to have or retain. 2) become unable to find. 3) fail to win. 4) earn less (money) than one is spending. 5) waste or fail to take advantage of. 6) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • Lose — Lose, r, ste, adj. et adv. welches die Bedeutungen der Wörter los, leicht und liederlich in sich zu vereinigen scheinet. Es bedeutet, 1. In mehr eigentlichem Verstande. 1) * Nicht die gehörige Festigkeit habend, in welcher aber los ohne e… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • lose — (v.) O.E. losian be lost, perish, from los destruction, loss, from P.Gmc. *lausa (Cf. O.N. los the breaking up of an army; O.E. forleosan to lose, O.Fris. forliasa, O.S. farliosan, M.Du. verliesen, O.H.G. firliosan, Ger. verlieren …   Etymology dictionary

  • lose — lüz vt, lost lȯst; los·ing 1) to become deprived of or lacking in <lose consciousness> <lost her sense of smell> also to part with in an unforeseen or accidental manner <lose a leg in an auto crash> 2 a) to suffer deprivation… …   Medical dictionary

  • loše — lȍše pril. <komp. gȍrē> DEFINICIJA slabo, krivo, zlo, nevaljalo, pokvareno [loše mi ide; nije loše u dijaloškoj situaciji kao odgovor: vrlo dobro, odlično, bolje od očekivanoga; loše postupati; stvari stoje loše] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi loš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lose — [v1] be deprived of; mislay be careless, become poorer, be impoverished, bereave, be reduced, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fail to keep, fall short …   New thesaurus

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